Yatan hastanın beslenme durumunun önemi ve kalori ihtiyacının belirlenmesi

Yatan hastalarda malnütrisyon yüksek oranda görülen önemli bir sorundur. Malnütrisyon oluşturduğu doku harabiyeti ve organ fonksiyon bozukluğu nedeniyle hastaların morbidite ve mortalite oranlarını artırırken, diğer yandan hastanede kalış sürelerinin uzamasına yol açmaktadır. Son yılların en popüler konularından biri olan nütrisyonal destek günümüzde tedaviyi destekleyen bir önlemden ziyade tedavinin önemli bir bileşeni olarak kabul edilmektedir. Nütrisyonel destek programlarının iyi organize olmuş ve özel bir ekip tarafından yürütülmesi komplikasyon oranını önemli ölçüde azaltmıştır. Beslenme desteğinin uygulanması dinamik bir süreçtir. Program hastanın fizik aktivitesi, yeni komplikasyon gelişmesi, vücut ısısındaki değişiklikler ve enfeksiyon gibi en son klinik değişkenlerin ışığı altında düzenli olarak gözden geçirilmelidir.

Importance of nutritional status of hospitalized patients and estimation of calory requirement

Malnutrition is an important and common problem among hospitalized patients. Malnutrition increases patients morbidity and mortlity due to tissue damage and organ dysfunction, also it leads to long hospital stay. One of the most popular issues recently, nutritional support is considered as not only a supportive measure of therapy but also a major component of treatment. Nutritional support programs which applied by well organized and specialized teams significantly decreases complication rates. Administration of nutritional support is a dynamic process. This program should be regularly overwieved on the light of the latest clinical variables such as patient’s physical activity, development of new complication, body temperature changes and infection.

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Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1300-9818
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2001

5.4b 2.4b