INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK

Öz Porous clay bricks produced by adding 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% by weight of Basalt Cutting Waste (BCW) were manufactured by semi-dry pressing process. BCW (Karacadağ, Diyarbakir, Turkey) was added to brick raw material as an additive in order to increase porosity and strength. The chemical composition and thermal behaviors of raw materials were investigated and SEM analysis was performed. Brick mixes containing different proportions of BCW were formed and then fired at 900 and 1000° C for two hours. Porosity, water absorption, compressive strength, thermal conductivity and microstructure of the samples were examined. It was observed that the porosity ratios were increased by up to 34% with the addition of BCW, however, compressive strength (at least 28 MPa) decreased. However, the compressive strength was found to be higher than the required standards. The thermal conductivity of samples with the addition of 20% BCW decreased from 0.98 up to 0.72 W / mK compared to the reference sample, which also corresponds to a reduction of 26.5% in proportion to the reference sample along with the increase in porosity. The increase in firing temperature also affected the mechanical and physical properties of the samples. In conclusion, this study revealed that the brick samples produced could be evaluated and used as insulating materials by adding BCW to building materials in construction applications.

Kaynakça

[1] Balaras, C.A., Droutsa, K., Argiriou, A.A., Asimakopoulos, D.N. (2000). Potential for energy conservation in apartment buildings. Energy and Buildings, 31 (2), 143–154.

[2] EN832 Standard. Thermal Performance of Buildings: Calculation of Energy Use for Heating – Residential Buildings CEN, Brussels, Belgium, 1998.

[3] del Coz Díaz, J., García Nieto, P.J., Suárez Sierra, J.L., Penuelas, Sánchez, I. (2008). Non-linear thermal optimization and design improvement of a new internal light concrete multi-holed brick walls by FEM. Applied Thermal Engineering, 28 (8), 1090–1100.

[4] Sutcu, M. Akkurt, S. (2009). The use of recycled paper processing residues in making porous brick with reduced thermal conductivity, Ceramics International. 35 (7,) 2625–2631.

[5] Sutcu, M., del Coz Díaz, J.J., Álvarez Rabanal, F.P., Gencel, O., Akkurt, S. (2014). Thermal performance optimization of hollow clay bricks made up of paper waste. Energy and Buildings. 75 96–108.

[6] Sutcu, M. (2014). Influence of expanded vermiculite on physical properties and thermal conductivity of clay bricks. Ceramics International. 41 (2). 2819–2827.

[7] Gencel, O. (2015). Characteristics of fired clay bricks with pumice additive. Energy and Buildings, 102, 217-224.

[8] Ashmarin, A.G., Vlasov, A.S. (2005). Wall ceramics from zeolite-bearing argillaceous materials, Glass and Ceramics, 62 (9–10), 314–316.

[9] Akpinar, E. K., Koçyigit, F. (2016). Thermal and mechanical properties of lightweight concretes produced with pumice and tragacanth. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 30(5), 534-553.

[10] Koçyiğit, Ş., Çay, V.V. (2017). Mechanical properties of the composite material produced by the mixture of expanded perlite, waste marble dust and tragacanth. European Journal of Technique, 8(2), 124-133.

[11] Gencel, O., Sutcu, M., Erdogmus, E., Koc, V., Cay, V.V., Gok, M. S. (2013). Properties of bricks with waste ferrochromium slag and zeolite. Journal of cleaner production, 59, 111-119.

[12] Dondi, M., Mazzanti, F., Principi, P., Raimondo, M., Zanarini, G. (2004). Thermal conductivity of clay bricks. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 16(1), 8-14.

[13] Görhan, G., Şimşek, O. (2013). Porous clay bricks manufactured with rice husks. Construction and Building Materials, 40, 390-396.

[14] Raut, S. P., Ralegaonkar, R. V., Mandavgane, S. A. (2011). Development of sustainable construction material using industrial and agricultural solid waste: A review of waste-create bricks. Construction and Building Materials, 25(10), 4037-4042.

[15] Al-Hazmy, M. M. (2006). Analysis of coupled natural convection–conduction effects on the heat transport through hollow building blocks. Energy and Buildings, 38(5), 515-521.

[16] Cay, V. V., Sutcu, M., Gencel, O., Korkut, T. (2014). Neutron radiation tests about FeCr slag and natural zeolite loaded brick samples. Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, Volume 2014, 5 pages

[17] Rimpel, E., Rehme, F. (2001). Development of extruded high-thermal insulating bricks. ZI International, 54(12), 36-41.

[18] Zhang, L. (2013). Production of bricks from waste materials – a review, . Construction and Building Materials, 47 643–655.

[19] Valášková, M., Martynková, G. S., Smetana, B., Študentová, S. (2009). Influence of vermiculite on the formation of porous cordierites. Applied Clay Science, 46(2), 196-201.

[20] Koksal, F., Gencel, O., Brostow, W., Lobland, H. H. (2012). Effect of high temperature on mechanical and physical properties of lightweight cement based refractory including expanded vermiculite. Materials Research Innovations, 16(1), 7-13.

[21] Uz, B. (2001). Sert Mermer Grubuna Bir Örnek; Diyarbakır Karacadağ Bazaltlarının Mermer Açısından İncelenmesi. Türkiye III. Mermer Sempozyumu Bildiriler Kitabı. Afyon, 43-53.

[22] Işık, N., Yıldız, S., Keleştemur, O. (2008). Investigation of the Mechanical Properties of Basalt Stones in the Diyarbakır-Karacadağ. Science and Eng. J of Fırat Univ, 20(4), 617-626.

[23] KAHVECİ, A. E., KadayifÇi, A. (2013). Investigation structural properties of basalt stone in diyarbakir region. Uluslararası Teknolojik Bilimler Dergisi, 5(3), 56-69.

[24] Hassan, M.Y. (2001). Basalt Rock as an Alternative Raw Material in Portland Cement Manufacture. Materials Letters, 50, 172–178.

[25] Al-Harthi, A.A., Al-Amri, R.M., Shehata, W.M. (1999). The Porosity and Engineering Properties of Vesicular Basalt in Saudi Arabia, Engineering Geology, 54, 313–320.

[26] Franzone, J.G. (1980). Geology Geotechnical Properties and Vesicular Rock Classification of Lousetown Basalt And Lattices Truckee Area California, M.Sc. Thesis, Unpuplished University of Nevada.

[27] Tugrul, A., Gurpinar, O. (1997). A Proposed Weathering Classification for Basalt and Their Engineering Properties (Turkey), Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 55, 139-149.

[28] Houston, E. C., Smith, J. V. (1997). Assessment of Rock Quality Variability due to Smectitic Alteration in Basalt Using X-Ray Diffraction Analysis. Engineering Geology, 46, 19-32.

[29] Korkanç, M., Tuğrul, A. (2005). Evaluation of Selected Basalts from the Point of Alkali-Silica Reactivity. Cement and Concrete Research, 35, 505-512.

[30] Cha, J., Seo, J., Kim, S. (2012). Building materials thermal conductivity measurement and correlation with heat flow meter, laser flash analysis and TCi. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 109(1), 295-300.

[31] Shannag, M. J. (2011). Characteristics of lightweight concrete containing mineral admixtures. Construction and Building Materials, 25(2), 658-662.

[32] Schackow, A., Effting, C., Folgueras, M. V., Güths, S., Mendes, G. A. (2014). Mechanical and thermal properties of lightweight concretes with vermiculite and EPS using air-entraining agent. Construction and Building Materials, 57, 190-197.

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ejt643209, journal = {European Journal of Technique (EJT)}, issn = {2536-5010}, eissn = {2536-5134}, address = {INESEG Yayıncılık Dicle Üniversitesi Teknokent, Sur/Diyarbakır}, publisher = {Hibetullah KILIÇ}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {209 - 218}, doi = {10.36222/ejt.643209}, title = {INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK}, key = {cite}, author = {Koçyiğit, Şermin and Çay, Vedat Veli} }
APA Koçyiğit, Ş , Çay, V . (2019). INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK . European Journal of Technique (EJT) , 9 (2) , 209-218 . DOI: 10.36222/ejt.643209
MLA Koçyiğit, Ş , Çay, V . "INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK" . European Journal of Technique (EJT) 9 (2019 ): 209-218 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejt/issue/51266/643209>
Chicago Koçyiğit, Ş , Çay, V . "INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK". European Journal of Technique (EJT) 9 (2019 ): 209-218
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK AU - Şermin Koçyiğit , Vedat Veli Çay Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.36222/ejt.643209 DO - 10.36222/ejt.643209 T2 - European Journal of Technique (EJT) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 209 EP - 218 VL - 9 IS - 2 SN - 2536-5010-2536-5134 M3 - doi: 10.36222/ejt.643209 UR - https://doi.org/10.36222/ejt.643209 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Technique INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK %A Şermin Koçyiğit , Vedat Veli Çay %T INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK %D 2019 %J European Journal of Technique (EJT) %P 2536-5010-2536-5134 %V 9 %N 2 %R doi: 10.36222/ejt.643209 %U 10.36222/ejt.643209
ISNAD Koçyiğit, Şermin , Çay, Vedat Veli . "INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK". European Journal of Technique (EJT) 9 / 2 (Aralık 2019): 209-218 . https://doi.org/10.36222/ejt.643209
AMA Koçyiğit Ş , Çay V . INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK. EJT. 2019; 9(2): 209-218.
Vancouver Koçyiğit Ş , Çay V . INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK. European Journal of Technique (EJT). 2019; 9(2): 209-218.
IEEE Ş. Koçyiğit ve V. Çay , "INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF BASALT CUTTING WASTE (BCW) ADDED CLAY BRICK", European Journal of Technique (EJT), c. 9, sayı. 2, ss. 209-218, Ara. 2020, doi:10.36222/ejt.643209