Probiyotikler: Genel Özellikleri ve Güvenilirlikleri

Öz Bu derlemede hayvan ve insan sağlığında antibiyotiklere alternatif olarak kullanılmakta olan probiyotiklerin etkileri ve güvenilirlikleri ile beraber probiyotik olarak kullanılan mikroorganizmalar ve bu mikroorganizmalarda aranan özellikler hakkında bilgi verilmiştir.

Kaynakça

1. Başyiğit G, (2004). Bazı laktik asit bakterilerinin probiyotik olarak kullanılma özellikleri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Gıda Mühendisliği Anabilim Dalı Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 96s, Isparta.

2. Castagliuolo LM, Riegler MF, Valenick I, La Mont JT, Pathoulakis C, (1999). Saccharomyces boulardii; protease inhibits the effects of Clostridium difficile toxins A and B in human colonic mucosa. Infect Immun. 67, 302-307.

3. Douglas LC, Sanders ME, (2008). Probiotics and prebiotics in dietetics practice. J Am Dietetic Assoc. 108, 510-521.

4. Dunne C, Murphy L, Flynn S, O’Mahony L, O’Halloran S, Feeney M, Morrissey D, Thornton G, Fitzgerald G, Daly C, Kiely B, Quigley EMM, O’ Sullvan GC, Shanahan F, Collins JK, (1999). Probiotics: From myth to reality. Demonstration of functionality in animal models of disease and in human clinical trials. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 76, 279-292.

5. Ezema C, (2013). Probiotics in animal production: A review. J Vet Med Anim Health. 5(11), 308-316.

6. Fox SM, (1988). Probiotics: intestinal inoculants for production animals. Vet Med. 83, 806-830.

7. Fuller R, (1989). A review. Probiotics in man and animals. J Appl Bacteriol. 66, 365-378.

8. Fuller R, (2004). Reasons for the apparent variation in the probiotic response. Biologist. 51(4), 232.

9. Gibson GR, Roberfroid M, (1995). Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: introducing the concept of prebiotics. J Nutr. 125, 1401-1412.

10. Gilliand SE, (1984). Importance of bile tolerance of Lactobacillus acidophilus used as a dietary. J Dairy Sci. 67, 3045-3051.

11. Gönç S, Akalın A, (1995). Yoğurtta canlı olarak bulunan Lactobacillus acidophilus ve Lactobacillus bifidus’un organizma ve sağlık üzerine etkisi. İzmir, Proje No: VHAG- 1168.

12. Hirayama K, Rafter J, (1999). The role of lactic acid bacteria in colon cancer prevention: mechanistic considerations. Antonie van Leewenhoek, 76, 391- 394.

13. Kim CJ, Namkung H, An MS, Paik IK, (1988). Supplementation of probiotics to the broiler diets containing moldy corn. Korean J Anim Sci. 30, 542-548.

14. Kognoff MF, (1993). Immunology of the intestinal tract. Gastroenterol. 105, 1275-1280.

15. Kung L, (1990). Microbes and enzymes. Feed Int. 11(8), 10-16.

16. Leroy F, deVuyst L, (2004). Lactic acid bacteria as functional starter cultures for the food fermentation industry. Trend Food Sci Technol. 15, 67-78

17. Marteau P, Minekus M, Havenoar R, Veld JHJ, (1997). Survival of lactic acid bacteria in a dynamic model of the stomach and small intestine: Validation and the effects of bile. J Dairy Sci. 80, 1031-1037.

18. Mattila-Sandholm T, Matto J, Saarela M, (1999). Lactic acid bacteria with health claims- interactions and interference with gastrointestinal flora. Int Dairy J. 9, 25-35.

19. Mombelli B, Gismondo MR, (2000). The use of probiotics in medical practise. Antimicrob Agent Chemother. 16, 531-536.

20. Ouwehand AC, Kirjavainen PV, Shortt C, (1999). Probiotics: mechanisms and established effects. Int Dairy J. 9, 43-52.

21. Rastall RA, Gibson GR, Gill HS, (2005). Modulation of the microbial ecology of the human colon by probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics to enhance human health: An over122 view of enabling science and potential applications. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 52, 145-152.

22. Salminen S, vonWrigt A, (1998). Current probiotics- safety assured? Microbial Ecol Health Dis. 10, 68-77.

23. Sanders ME, (1999). Probiotics. Food Technol. 53, 67-77.

24. Saxelin M, Tynkkynen S, Mattila-Sandholm T, (2005). Probiotic and other functional microbes: from markets to mechanisms. Current Opin Biotechnol. 16, 204-211.

25. Schrezenmeir J, de Vrese M, (2001). Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics-approaching a definition. Am J Clin Nutr. 73(2 Suppl), 361S-364S.

26. Servin AL, Coconnier MH, (2003). Adhesion of probiotic strains to the intestinal mucosa and interaction with pathogens. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 17(5), 741-754.

27. Tannock GW, (1997). Probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria: plenty of scope for fundamental R&D. Tibtech. 15, 270-274.

28. Vanbelle N, Teller E, Focant M, (1990). Probiotics in animal nutrition: a review. Arch Anim Nutr. 40, 543-567.

29. Williams GM, Wynder EL, (1996). Diet and cancer: A synopsis of causes and prevention stratagies. In ‘Nutrition and Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla.

30. Yıldırım Z, Yıldırım M, (2000). Probiyotik özellik gösteren bifidobakteriler. Süt ve Süt Ürünleri Sempozyumu (Ed. M. Demirci), Tekirdağ, 266-271.

31. Yılsay TÖ, Kurdal E, (2000). Probiyotik süt ürünlerinin beslenme ve sağlık üzerindeki etkisi. VI. Süt ve Süt Ürünleri Sempozyumu (Ed. M. Demirci), Tekirdağ, 279-286.

32. Zhou JS, Shu Q, Rutherfurd KJ, Prasad J, Birtles MJ, Gopal PK, Gill HS, (2000). Safety assessment of potential probiotic lactic asid bacterial strains Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001, L. acidophilus HN017, and Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 in BALB/ c mice. Int J Food Microbiol. 56, 87-96.

Kaynak Göster

APA Koçak, Y , Fındık, A , Çiftçi, A . (2016). Probiyotikler: Genel Özellikleri ve Güvenilirlikleri . Etlik Veteriner Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi , 27 (2) , 118-122 . DOI: 10.35864/evmd.515965