Sri Lanka'da Sivil Savaş ve Negatif Barış Süreci: Positif Barış Neden İmkansız?

Sri Lanka, uzun tarihinde acının çoğunu sakladı, İngiltere tarafından ele geçirildi ve sömürge sonrası bu kadar iç savaş yaşandı. Sonunda, iç savaş 2009'da sona erdi, Tamil’in Tamil Eelam Kurtuluş Kaplanları (LTTE) adlı ayrılıkçı grubu, merkezi hükümet güçleri tarafından yenildi. Bazı insan hakları örgütleri ve STK'ları, Sri Lanka'daki sivil çatışmadan sonra barış sürecini takip etti ve ne iç savaş ne de Sri Lanka'daki ihlallerin bitmediğine inanıyorlar, ayrıca iki etnik taraf arasındaki boşlukların genişlediğine inanıyorlar. Aksine, Sri Lanka Hükümeti (GoSL) tüm iddia ve iddiaları reddetti, barış ilan etti ve savaşın sona ermesini istedi. Ama yine de, oradaki bir soru: Kimler için ne tür bir barış ya da barış?      Çalışmanın amacı, savaşın sonunda Sri Lanka'da iç savaşın nasıl gerçekleştiğini ve Galtung’un barış teorisi tarafından alınan olumsuz barışın neden barışa dönüşmediğini açıklamaktır. Savaşın ve teorik analizin tarihsel arka planı, Sri Lanka'da bir sorunun ne olduğunu ve buradaki olumsuz barışın sürdürülebilirlik ve kimlik politikalarıyla sürdürülebilirliğini değerlendirmek için kullanıyor. Bu araştırma, dört ana barışın olumlu barışı sağladığı sonucuna varmıştır.

CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?

Sri Lanka has bearded much of the pain in his long history, he captured by Britain and after the colonial time so many time civil war occurred in there. Finally, the civil war was ended in 2009, the Tamil’s separatist group, which called Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), was defeated by the central government powers.  Some human rights organizations and NGOs followed to a process of the peace after the civil conflict in Sri Lanka and they believe that neither civil war nor violation in Sri Lanka did not finish, moreover gaps between two ethnic sides is widening. On the contrary Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) rejected all claims and arguments, and declared to peace and ended of the war.  But still, a question in there: What kind of peace or peace for whom?      The purpose of the study is to explain how the civil war has occurred in Sri Lanka and why negative peace did not transform to positive peace, which is taking by Galtung’s peace theory, after the end of the war.  The historical background of the war and theoretical analysis is using to evaluate what was a problem in Sri Lanka, and sustainability of the negative peace in there without any accountability and with identity politics. This research concluded that four main congestions to positive peace.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { dusbed578383, journal = {Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {2146-5975}, address = {enverbozdemir@duzce.edu.tr}, publisher = {Düzce Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {250 - 260}, doi = {}, title = {CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?}, key = {cite}, author = {Kara, Serkan} }
APA Kara, S . (2019). CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE? . Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi , 9 (2) , 250-260 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/dusbed/issue/51286/578383
MLA Kara, S . "CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?" . Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019 ): 250-260 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/dusbed/issue/51286/578383>
Chicago Kara, S . "CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?". Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019 ): 250-260
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE? AU - Serkan Kara Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 250 EP - 260 VL - 9 IS - 2 SN - 2146-5975- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE? %A Serkan Kara %T CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE? %D 2019 %J Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 2146-5975- %V 9 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Kara, Serkan . "CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?". Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 / 2 (Aralık 2019): 250-260 .
AMA Kara S . CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?. DÜSOBED. 2019; 9(2): 250-260.
Vancouver Kara S . CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?. Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 9(2): 250-260.
IEEE S. Kara , "CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA AND NEGATİVE PEACE PROCESS: WHY IS POSITIVE PEACE IMPOSSIBLE?", Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 9, sayı. 2, ss. 250-260, Ara. 2020