Objective: This study aimed to examine the predictive roles of state hope, cognitive control/flexibility and, some sociodemographic characteristics of the participants on state anxiety scores during the initial stage of the COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey. Method: The study was conducted with 674 individuals in Turkey through online surveys. Personal Data Form, State Hope Scale, Cognitive Control/Flexibility Questionnaire, and State Anxiety Inventory were applied for the evaluation. Results: In the multiple regression analysis, it was observed that state hope, cognitive control/flexibility, and gender factors predict state anxiety. Conclusion: The research findings reveal that state hope, cognitive control/flexibility, and gender are important factors affecting the state anxiety during the COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey. Hope and cognitive control/flexibility are important preventive factors related to state anxiety.
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