Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, somatizasyon, depresyon ve anksiyete arasındaki ilişkinin kültürler arası farklarını incelemektir. Yöntem: Bu yapıların Türkiye ve Amerika'daki faktör yapısı kıyaslanmış ve ölçülmelerinde kullanılan araçların metrik değişmezliği araştırılmıştır. Analizler için Türkiyeli ve Amerikalı 778 katılımcıdan elde edilen veriler kullanılmıştır.Bulgular: Somatizasyon, depresyon ve anksiyetenin hem Türkiyeli hem de Amerikalı katılımcılar için birbirinden ayrı ancak birbiri ile ilgili üç yapı olduğu anlaşılmıştır. Ayrıca kullanılan araçlar olan Beck Depresyon Envanteri-II), Durumluk-Sürekli Kaygı Envanteri Sürekli Kaygı alt testi ve Ruhsal Belirti Tarama Listesi 90-R Somatizasyon alttesti araçlarının bu iki kültür arasında metrik değişmezliğe sahip olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Bu araçlar, Türkiye ve Amerika genelinde aynı yapıyı ölçümlememektedirler. Sonuç: Sonuçlar, depresyon, anksiyete ve somatizasyonun DSM-IV'de ayrı yapılar olarak kavramlaştırılmış olması ile tutarlı, Krueger ve arkadaşlarının bulgularına aykırı bulunmuştur.
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to gain a better understanding of cross-cultural differences in somatization, depression, and anxiety. Method: The author compared the factor structure of depression, anxiety, and somatization across Turkey and the U.S.A., and investigated the metric invariance of the instruments used to measure these constructs. Data from 778 Turkish and U.S.A. participants were used for the analyses. Results: It was found that depression, somatization, and anxiety are three distinct but related constructs for both Turkish and U.S.A. participants. It was also found that the instruments, namely the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Trait subscale of the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Symptom Check List 90-R Somatization subscale, do not have metric invariance across the two cultures. These instruments do not measure the same construct across Turkey and the U.S.A. Conclusion: The results were consistent with the way depression, anxiety, and somatization are conceptualized in the DSM-IV as separate constructs, but contradicted Krueger et al.'s findings.
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