Gelişimsel Yetersizliği Olan Bireylere Ürün Satın Alma Becerilerinin Öğretildiği Çalışmaların İncelenmesi

Öz Bu çalışmanın amacı, uluslararası alanyazında 2006-2016 yılları arasında gerçekleştirilen ve gelişimsel yetersizliği (GY) olan bireylere ürün satın alma becerisinin öğretildiği tek-denekli araştırmaları demografik ve metodolojik özelliklerine göre niteliksel olarak analiz etmektir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda dâhil etme ölçütlerini karşılayan 21 tek-denekli araştırma demografik ve metodolojik özelliklerine ilişkin olarak tablo ve grafikler üzerinde analiz edilmiş ve elde edilen sonuçlar yorumlanmıştır. Çalışmaya dâhil edilen araştırmalar aynı zamanda “Tek-Denekli Araştırmalar Niteliksel Ölçütleri” açısından da değerlendirilmiştir. Bunun yanı sıra elde edilen sonuçların GY olan bireyler açısından etkileri de kapsamlı şekilde incelenmiştir. Araştırma sistematik alanyazın taramasıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırma bulgularına göre ürün satın alma becerisinin daha çok zihin yetersizliği olan bireylerle çalışıldığı, öğretimin okul ve toplumsal ortamlarda bire-bir (1:1) öğretim düzenlemesiyle gerçekleştiği görülmektedir. Araştırmaların bağımsız değişkenlerinin çoğunlukla video, bilgisayar, telefon uygulamaları gibi teknoloji destekli uygulamalardan oluştuğu görülmektedir. Tek-denekli araştırmalar niteliksel ölçütleri açısından göstergelerin tamamını karşılayan 1, kabul edilebilir ölçütlerini karşılayan 13 araştırmanın olduğu görülmektedir. Araştırmaların bulguları doğrultusunda yeni çalışmaların benzetim ve toplum temelli öğretimin bir arada kullanıldığı eş zamanlı öğretim planlamasıyla, aile, akran gibi farklı uygulamacılarla, ileri düzey teknoloji uygulamaları gibi farklı öğretim uygulamalarıyla ve grup öğretimiyle gerçekleştirilmesi önerilmektedir.

Kaynakça

Alcantara, P. R. (1994). Effects of videotape instructional package on purchasing skills of children with autism. Exceptional Children, 61(1), 40-55.Aydın, O. (2017). Otizm Spektrum Bozukluğu Olan Bireylere Matematik Becerilerinin Öğretimi: Tek-denekli Araştırmalarda Betimsel ve Meta Analiz. Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Ayres, K. M., Langone, J., Boon, R. T., & Norman, A. (2006). Computer-based instruction for purchasing skills. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities,41(3), 253-263.Bouck, E. C., Satsangi, R., & Bartlett, W. (2016). Comparing a number line and audio prompts in supporting price comparison by students with intellectual disability. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 53-54, 342-357.Bouck, E. C., Satsangi, R., Bartlett, W., & Weng, P. L. (2012). Promoting independence through assistive technology: Evaluating audio recorders to support grocery shopping. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities,47(4), 462-473.Bouck, E. C., Satsangi, R., Muhl, A., & Bartlett, W. (2013). Using audio recorders to promote independence in grocery shopping for students with intellectual disability. Journal of Special Education Technology, 28(4), 15-26.Bouck, E. C., Savage, M., Meyer, N. K., Taber-Doughty, T., & Hunley, M. (2014). High-tech or low-tech? Comparing self-monitoring systems to increase task independence for students with autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 29(3), 156-167.Bramlett, V., Ayres, K. M., Cihak, D. F., & Douglas, K. H. (2011). Effects of computer and classroom simulations to teach students with various exceptionalities to locate apparel sizes. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 46(3), 454-469.Browder, D. M., & Grasso, E. (1999). Teaching money skills to individuals with mental retardation: A research review with practical applications. Remedial and Special Education, 20(5), 297-308.Brown, L., Nisbet, J., Ford, A., Sweet, M., Shiraga, B., York, J., & Loomis, R. (1983). The critical need for nonschool instruction in educational programs for severely handicapped students. Journal of the Association for the Severely Handicapped, 8(3), 71-77.Burckley, E., Tincani, M., & Guld Fisher, A. (2015). An iPad™-based picture and video activity schedule increases community shopping skills of a young adult with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 18(2), 131-136.Carr, J. E., Austin, J. L., Britton, L. N., Kellum, K. K., & Bailey, J. S. (1999). An assessment of social validity trends in applied behavior analysis. Behavioral Interventions: Theory & Practice in Residential & Community‐Based Clinical Programs, 14(4), 223-231.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Key findings: Trends in the prevalence of developmental disabilities in US children, 1997–2008. Atlanta: Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/developmentaldisabilities/features/birthdefects-dd-keyfindings.html. Erişim tarihi: 22.03.2019 Cihak, D., Alberto, P. A., Taber-Doughty, T., & Gama, R. I. (2006). A comparison of static picture prompting and video prompting simulation strategies using group instructional procedures. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 21(2), 89-99.Cihak, D. F., & Grim, J. (2008). Teaching students with autism spectrum disorder and moderate intellectual disabilities to use counting-on strategies to enhance independent purchasing skills. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2(4), 716-727.Cihak, D. F., Alberto, P. A., Kessler, K. B., & Taber, T. A. (2004). An investigation of instructional scheduling arrangements for community-based instruction. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 25(1), 67-88.Denny, P. J., & Test, D. W. (1995). Using the one-more-than technique to teach money counting to individuals with moderate mental retardation: A systematic replication. Education and Treatment of Children,18(4), 422-432.Douglas, K. H., Ayres, K. M., & Langone, J. (2015). Comparing self-management strategies delivered via an iphone to promote grocery shopping and literacy. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 50(4), 446-465.Goo, M., Hua, Y., & Therrien, W. J. (2016). Effects of computer-based video instruction on the acquisition and generalization of grocery purchasing skills for students with intellectual disability. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 51(2), 150-161.Hansen, D. L., & Morgan, R. L. (2008). Teaching grocery store purchasing skills to students with intellectual disabilities using a computer-based instruction program. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 43(4), 431-442.Horner, R. H., Carr, E. G., Halle, J., McGee, G., Odom, S., & Wolery, M. (2005). The use of single-subject research to identify evidence-based practice in special education. Exceptional Children, 71(2), 165-179.Hsu, G. L., Hwang, W. Y., Hung, J. C., Tang, J. C., Li, Y. C., & Wei, C. H. (2016). Modifications of the one-more-than technique: A comparison of two strategies for teaching purchasing skills to students with intellectual disability in Taiwan. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 51(2), 132-149.Hsu, G. L., Tang, J. C., & Hwang, W. Y. (2014). Effects of extending the one-more-than technique with the support of a mobile purchasing assistance system. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35(8), 1809-1827.Hughes, C., Eisenman, L. T., Hwang, B., Kim, J. H., Killian, D. J., & Scott, S. V. (1997). Transition from secondary special education to adult life: A review and analysis of empirical measures. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 32(2),85-104.Hutcherson, D. K. (2010). Comparing self-management strategies delivered via an iPhone to promote independent grocery shopping and acquisition of incidental information. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Georgia, Athens. Kellems, R. O., Frandsen, K., Hansen, B., Gabrielsen, T., Clarke, B., Simons, K., & Clements, K. (2016). Teaching multi-step math skills to adults with disabilities via video prompting. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 58, 31-44.Kratochwill, T. R., Hitchcock, J. H., Horner, R. H., Levin, J. R., Odom, S. L., Rindskopf, D. M., & Shadish, W. R. (2013). Single-case intervention research design standards. Remedial and Special Education, 34(1), 26-38.Kratochwill, T. R., Levin, J. R., & Horner, R. H. (2017). Negative results: Conceptual and methodological dimensions in single-case intervention research. Remedial and Special Education, 1-10.Mechling, L. C., & Cronin, B. (2006). Computer-based video instruction to teach the use of augmentative and alternative communication devices for ordering at fast-food restaurants. The Journal of Special Education, 39(4), 234-245.Mechling, L. C., Gast, D. L., & Langone, J. (2002). Computer-based video instruction to teach persons with moderate intellectual disabilities to read grocery aisle signs and locate items. The Journal of Special Education, 35(4), 224-240.Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Sage Pub.Morse, T. E., Schuster, J. W., & Sandknop, P. A. (1996). Grocery shopping skills for persons with moderate to profound intellectual disabilities: A review of the literature. Education and Treatment of Children, 19(4), 487-517.Morse, T. E., & Schuster, J. W. (2000). Teaching elementary students with moderate intellectual disabilities how to shop for groceries. Exceptional Children, 66(2), 273-288.Nietupski, J., Welch, J., & Wacker, D. (1983). Acquisition, maintenance, and transfer of grocery item purchasing skills by moderately and severely handicapped students. Education and Training of the Mentally Retarded, 18(4), 279-286. Owens-Johnson, L., & Hamill, L. (2002). Community based instruction. In L. B. Hamill, & C. Everington (Eds.), Curriculum strategies and materials for teaching students with moderate and severe disabilities in inclusive settings (pp. 347-378). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Rowe, D. A., Cease-Cook, J., & Test, D. W. (2011). Effects of simulation training on making purchases with a debit card and tracking expenses. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 34(2), 107-114.Rowe, D. A., & Test, D. W. (2013). Effects of simulation to teach students with disabilities basic finance skills. Remedial and Special Education, 34(4), 237-248.Scott, R., Collins, B., Knight, V., & Kleinert, H. (2013). Teaching adults with moderate intellectual disability ATM use via the iPod. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 48(2), 190-199.Sigafoos, A. D., Feinstein, C. B., Damon, M., & Reiss, D. (1988). The measurement of behavioral autonomy in adolescence: The autonomous functioning checklist. In C. B. Feinstein, A. Esman, J. Looney, G. Orvin, J. Schimel, A. Schwartzberg, A. Sorsky, & M. Sugar (Eds.), Adolescent psychiatry (Vol. 15, pp. 432-462). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Storey, K., & Miner, C. (2017). Systematic instruction of functional skills for students and adults with disabilities. Charles C. Thomas Publisher.Taber-Doughty, T., Miller, B., Shurr, J., & Wiles, B. (2013). Portable and accessible video modeling: Teaching a series of novel skills within school and community settings. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 48(2), 147-163.Wehmeyer, M. L., Agran, M., & Hughes, C. (1998). Teaching selfdetermination to students with disabilities. Baltimore: Brookes.Weng, P. L., & Bouck, E. C. (2014). Using video prompting via iPads to teach price comparison to adolescents with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(10), 1405-1415.Weng, P. L., & Bouck, E. C. (2016). An evaluation of app-based and paper-based number lines for teaching number comparison. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 51(1), 27-40.What Works Clearinghouse. (2017). Procedures and standards handbook https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/referenceresources/wwc_standards_handbook_v4.pdf (Erişim tarihi: 15.03.2019).Xin, Y. P., Grasso, E., Dipipi-Hoy, C. M., & Jitendra, A. (2005). The effects of purchasing skill instruction for individuals with developmental disabilities: A meta-analysis. Exceptional Children, 71(4), 379-400.Yakubova, G., & Taber-Doughty, T. (2013). Effects of video modeling and verbal prompting on social skills embedded within a purchasing activity for students with autism. Journal of Special Education Technology, 28(1), 35-47.

Kaynak Göster

APA Doğan, S , Ergenekon, Y . (2019). Gelişimsel Yetersizliği Olan Bireylere Ürün Satın Alma Becerilerinin Öğretildiği Çalışmaların İncelenmesi . Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Buca Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , (48) , 43-68 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/deubefd/issue/51015/575390