THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD

Bu çalışma, İngiliz ve çağdaş dünya edebiyatında önemli bir edebi gelenek haline gelen distopyalarda bilim, teknoloji ve kıyamet kavramlarının rolü üzerine odaklanmayı amaçlamıştır. Distopya türünde yazılan eserleri, sözlü ve yazılı olmak üzere uzunca bir tarihe sahip olan ütopya geleneğinden bağımsız olarak düşünmek mümkün değildir. Bu sebeple, bu çalışma içerisinde, her iki türün kavramsal benzerlikleri ve farklılıkları açıklandıktan sonra distopik kurgunun bilim kurgunun bir alt türü olarak gelişmesine katkıda sağlayan Mary Shelley'nin Frankenstein’ı ve Aldous Huxley'nin Cesur Yeni Dünya’sı ayrı ayrı incelenecektir. Bu inceleme yapılırken ise, her iki yazarın bilim, teknoloji ve kıyamet unsurlarını bu romanlarda nasıl ele aldığına değinilecek ve bu kavramlar üzerinden içinde bulundukları toplumlara yönelik ortaya koydukları bakış açısı ve eleştiriler de irdelenecektir. Aynı zamanda, hem Shelley’nin hem de Huxley’nin tasvir ettiği toplumlar ve bu toplumlara nüfuz etmiş korku, ıstırap ve çaresizlik duygularının potansiyel fail olduğu düşünülen ‘otorite’ ile görünür veya görünmez bağları tartışılacaktır.

THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD

This study aims to focus on the concepts of science, technology, and apocalypse in dystopian novels. Dystopian fiction has lately become an important literary genre within speculative fiction in English and Contemporary World Literature. It is not possible to think of dystopian fiction apart from the utopian tradition, which has a long oral and written history. Therefore, In this study, after focusing on the similarities and differences of dystopian and utopian fiction, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, both of which contributed to the development of dystopian fiction as a subgenre of science fiction, will be discussed separately. Actually, it will be argued not only how both authors deal with science, technology, and apocalyptic elements in their novels but also how they criticize their own societies through the dystopian vision of these works. Moreover, the societies depicted by Shelley and Huxley will be debated to demonstrate the visible or invisible ties to the 'authority', which is thought to be the potential perpetrator of the feelings of fear, suffering and helplessness that permeate the societies.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { cumusosbil916245, journal = {Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {1305-5143}, eissn = {1305-5143}, address = {}, publisher = {Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {45}, pages = {257 - 268}, doi = {}, title = {THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD}, key = {cite}, author = {Tatar, Selçuk} }
APA Tatar, S . (2021). THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD . Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 45 (1) , 257-268 .
MLA Tatar, S . "THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD" . Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 45 (2021 ): 257-268 <
Chicago Tatar, S . "THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD". Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 45 (2021 ): 257-268
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD AU - Selçuk Tatar Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 257 EP - 268 VL - 45 IS - 1 SN - 1305-5143-1305-5143 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD %A Selçuk Tatar %T THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD %D 2021 %J Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 1305-5143-1305-5143 %V 45 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Tatar, Selçuk . "THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD". Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 45 / 1 (Haziran 2021): 257-268 .
AMA Tatar S . THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD. CUJOSS. 2021; 45(1): 257-268.
Vancouver Tatar S . THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2021; 45(1): 257-268.
IEEE S. Tatar , "THE ROLE OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APOCALYPSE IN THE DYSTOPIAN FICTIONS: MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN AND ALDOUS HUXLEY'S BRAVE NEW WORLD", Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, c. 45, sayı. 1, ss. 257-268, Haz. 2021