mTOR'un inhibisyonu, MEK1/ERK1/2 etkinliğini düzenleyerek sıçanlarda arka bacak iskemi-reperfüzyonunun neden olduğu iskelet kası ve böbrek zedelenmesine karşı koruma sağlar

Amaç: Arka bacak iskemisi/reperfüzyonun (İ/R) sıçan modellerinde, rapamisinin memelilerdeki hedefi (mTOR)/inhibitör-κB-α/nükleer faktör-κB p65 sinyal ileti yolu etkinliğinin, artan oksidatif/nitrozatif stres ve inflamatuvar yanıt yoluyla organ zedelenmelerine aracılık ettiğini daha önce göstermiştik. mTOR’un İ/R zedelenmesine katkıda bulunduğuna ilişkin önceki bulgularımızı referans alarak, bu çalışmada arka bacak İ/R'ye bağlı hedef ve uzak organ zedelenmelerinde mTOR ile MEK1/ERK1/2 yolu arasındaki olası etkileşime odaklanmayı amaçladık. Gereç ve Yöntem: Erkek Wistar sıçanlar dört gruba ayrıldı. Arka bacak İ/R, her iki arka ekstremitelerine turnikeler uygulanarak iskemi oluşturuldu. İskemiden 4 saat sonra turnikeler açılarak 4 saat reperfüzyon uygulandı. 4 saatlik reperfüzyondan sonra kan, böbrek ve gastroknemius kası izole edildi. Bulgular: Arka bacak İ/R uygulaması gastroknemius kasında, böbrekte ve/veya serumda rpS6, MEK1, ERK1/2, tümör nekroz faktörü-α, indüklenebilir nitrik oksit sentaz, gp91phox, p22phox ve nitrotirozinin fosforilasyonu ve/veya ekspresyonu ile birlikte nitrit düzeylerinde artışa neden oldu. Ayrıca, İ/R uygulanan sıçanların dokularında nikotinamit adenin dinükleotit fosfat oksidaz ve miyeloperoksidaz seviyeleri arttı. mTOR'un seçici inhibitörü olan rapamisin, sıçanlarda kas ve böbrek dokusunda İ/R'nin neden olduğu yukarıda bahsedilen tüm etkileri ortadan kaldırdı. Sonuç: Bu veriler, MEK1/ERK1/2 yolunun etkinliğinin, mTOR’un aracılık ettiği arka bacak İ/R’nin neden olduğu hedef ve uzak organ zedelenmesine katkıda bulunduğunu göstermektedir.

Inhibition of mTOR protects against skeletal muscle and kidney injury following hindlimb ischemia-reperfusion in rats by regulating MEK1/ERK1/2 activity

Purpose: We have previously demonstrated that activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/inhibitory-κB-α/nuclear factor-κB p65 signaling pathway mediates organ injuries through increased oxidative/nitrosative stress and inflammatory response in rat models of hind limb ischemia/reperfusion (HL I/R). Following up our previous findings regarding I/R injury through mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), we aimed to focus on the possible interaction between mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)1/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 pathway in hind limb ischemia/reperfusion (HL I/R) resulting in target and remote organ injuries in the present study. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups. HL I/R was induced by occluding with tourniquets of both hind limbs. Following 4 h, the tourniquets were removed following reperfusion for 4 h. After 4 h of reperfusion blood, kidney, and gastrocnemius muscle were collected. Results: HL I/R caused an increase in phosphorylation and/or expression of rpS6, MEK1, ERK1/2, tumor necrosis factor-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase, gp91phox, p22phox, and nitrotyrosine as well as nitrite levels in gastrocnemius muscle, kidney, and/or serum. Additionally, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase and myeloperoxidase levels were increased in the tissues of rats subjected to HL I/R. Rapamycin, the selective inhibitor of mTOR, abolished all the effects mentioned above caused by HL I/R in the rat’s muscle and kidney. Conclusion: These data suggest that activation of the MEK1/ERK1/2 pathway contributes to mTOR-mediated HL I/R-induced target and remote organ injury.

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Kaynak Göster

MLA Akıncı Uysal, Ç. , Temiz Reşitoğlu, M. , Güden, D. S. , Şenol, S. P. , Vezir, Ö. , Sucu, N. , Tunçtan, B. , Malik, K. U. , Fırat, S. "Inhibition of mTOR protects against skeletal muscle and kidney injury following hindlimb ischemia-reperfusion in rats by regulating MEK1/ERK1/2 activity" . Cukurova Medical Journal 47 (2022 ): 219-232 <
Cukurova Medical Journal
  • ISSN: 2602-3032
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Yayıncı: Çukurova Üniversitesi

115.2b72.1b

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