A New Part of Horse Trapping Belonging to Urartian King Minua from Adana Archaeology Museum and on Urišḫi-Urišḫusi-Ururda Words in Urartian

In the first part of this article, a horse’s collar with cuneiform inscription from the Adana Museum is discussed. First, use of collars by Urartians is described in the light of examples known from excavated sites and museums and depictions in Urartian figurative art. Bronze horse’s collars consisting of two metal plates connected by a hinge mechanism used on the necks of horses comprised an important part of Urartian horse harness. These parts, which were decorated with mythological figures or were plain and undecorated, often feature cuneiform inscriptions, as we see on various Urartian bronze artifacts. The cuneiform inscriptions on the bronze collar discussed in this article indicate that this piece belongs to the reign of Urartian king Minua. The second part of the article discusses the cuneiform inscription in Urar- tian language on the collar. New considerations on the words urišḫi-urišḫusi-ururda are shared in light of the cuneiform inscribed objects that are encountered as a quite common tradition in the Kingdom of Urartu. The discussion and evaluation conclude that the expressions urišḫi-urišḫusi-ururda encoun- tered in Urartian inscriptions are associated with bronze, and mean bronze, bronze house/workshop and bronze manufacturers in Urartian.

Makalenin ilk bölümünde, Adana Müzesi’nden çivi yazıtlı bir at yakalığı değerlendirilmiştir. Önce- likli olarak Urartular’da yakalık kullanımı; kazı alanları ve müzelerden bilinen örnekler ile Urartu betimleme sanatındaki tasvirler ışığında anlatılmıştır. Bir menteşe düzeneği ile birleştirilen iki metal plakadan oluşan ve atların boyun kısmında kullanılmış olan bronz yakalıklar Urartu at koşum takım- larının önemli parçalarından birini oluşturmaktadır. Çoğu zaman mitolojik tasvirler yanında sade ve bezemesiz örneklerini de bildiğimiz bu parçaların üzerinde, birçok farklı Urartu bronz eseri üzerinde de gördüğümüz üzere, çivi yazıtları yer almaktadır.

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