Boğulayazma çocuklar ve erişkinlerde yüksek morbidite ve mortalite nedeni olmaya devam etmektedir. Çocuk yoğunbakım ünitelerinin ve teknolojinin gelişmesiyle boğulayazma olgularının yaşatılabilirliği de artmıştır. Boğulayazmanınkısa vadeli sağ kalımındaki gelişmeye karşın, kurbanlarda akut solunum yetmezliği sendromu ve kalıcı hipoksik-iskemikmerkezi sinir sistemi hasarında artışa neden olmuştur. Bu nedenle, batma olayı sonrası kurbanların akut dönemdeyoğun bakımdaki tedavisi önemlidir. Bu yazıda, sodyum hipoklorit ve deterjan içeren su dolu kova içinde gerçekleşenboğulayazma olgusu sunulmuştur CAYD 2015;2(1):49-54.
Near-drowning continuesto be associated with high mortality and morbidity in both children and adults. With the availability of sophisticated technologies and pediatric intensive care units, victims of near-drowning are now more likely to survive. However this improvement in short-term survival of near-drowning, victims after an acute submersion episode has also resulted in an increase of acute respiratory distress syndrome and persistent hypoxic-ischemic central nervous system injury. Therefore, it is important both to know the acute intensive care unit management of victims of neardrowning and also to understand the progression of the disease. We report a patient who had been near-drowned in bucket lled with sodium hypochlorite and detergent containing water CAYD 2015;2(1):49-54
Quan L. Near-Drowning. Pediatrics in Review 1999; 20:255-60.
Meyer RJ, Theodorou AA, Berg RA. Childhood Drowning. Pediatrics in Review. 2006;27:163-9.
Peden MM, McGee K. The epidemiology of drowning worldwide. Inj Control Saf Promot 2003;10:195-9.
Jensen LR, Williams SD, Thurman DJ, Keller PA. Submersion injuries in children younger than 5 years in urban Utah. West J Med 1992;157:641-4.
Wintemute GJ: Childhood drowning and near-drowning in the United States. Am J Dis Child 1990;144:663-9.
Brooks JG. Near drowning. Pediatr Rev 1988;10:5-10.
Pearn J. Neurological and psychometric studies in children surviving freshwater immersion accidents. Lancet 1977;1:7-9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Water- Related Injuries: Fact Sheet. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipic/factsheets/drown.htm Accessed December 3,2006.
Andiran F, Tanyel FC, Ayhan A, Hicsonmez A. Systemic harmful effects of ingestion of household bleaches. Drug Chem Toxicol 1999;22:545-53.
Gulaid JA, Sattin RW. Drownings in the United States, 1978-1984. MMWR 1988;37:27-33.
Quan L, Gore EJ, Wentz K, Allen J, Novack AH. Ten-year study of pediatric drownings and near-drownings in King County, Washington: lessons in injury prevention. Pediatrics 1989;83:1035-40.
Brenner RA, Smith GS, Overpeck MD. Divergent trends in childhood drowning rates, 1971 through 1988. JAMA 1994;271:1606-8.
Wintemute GJ, Kraus JF, Teret SP, Wright MA. The epi- demiology of drowning in adulthood: implications for pre- vention. Am J Prev Med. 1988;4:343-8.
Spyker DA. Submersion injury. Epidemiology, prevention and management. Pediatric Clinics of North America 1985;32:113-25.
Liller KD, Kent EB, Arcari C, McDermott RJ. Risk factors for drowning and near-drowning among children in Hillsborough County, Florida. Public Health Rep. 1993;108:346-3.
Kobusingye O. The global burden of drowning: An African Perspective. In: Bierens J, ed. Handbook on drowning. Prevention, rescue and treatment. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2006: 61-62.
Wintemute GJ, Kraus JF, Teret SP, Wright MA. The epidemi- ology of drowning in adulthood: Implications for prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 1988;4:343-8.
Bierens JJLM. 2944 submersion victims: an analysis of external causes, concomitant risk factors, complications and prognosis. Netherlands, University of Utrecht In: Drownings in the Netherlands. Pathophysiology, epidemi- ology and clinical studies. PhD thesis.
Branche C, van Beeck E, eds. The epidemiology of drowning, Sec. 2, p. 39-76 IN: Bierens Joost JLM, ed., 2005, Handbook on Drowning: Prevention, Rescue, Treatment, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg Germany, 713 p. Retrieved 4/7/2012: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101261179
Pearn J, Nixon J, Wilkey I. Freshwater drowning and near- drowning accidents involving children: a five-year total pop- ulation study. Medical Journal of Australia 1976;2: 942-6.
MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Nonfatal and Fatal Drownings in Recreational Water Settings-- United States, 2001-2002 MMWR. JAMA 2004;292: (Reprinted) 164-6.
O'Carroll PW, Alkon E, Weiss B: Drowning mortality in Los Angeles County, 1976 to 1984. JAMA 1988;260:380-3.
Davis S, Ledman J, Kilgore J. Drownings of children and youth in a desert state. West J Med 1985;143:196-201.
National Center for Health Statistics. Public use data tapes. Compressed Mortality Files: 1983-1994. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services)
van Beeck EF, Branche CM, Szpilman D, Modell JH, Bierens JJ. A new definition of drowning: towards docu- mentation and prevention of a global public health prob- lem. Bull World Health Organ 2005;83:853-6.
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Injury, Suicide and Violence Prevention Section. (2004). Drowning Deaths and Near-Drowning Incidents among Colorado Children Ages 0-14,1998-2002. Retrieved March 10, 2005, from http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/pp/injuryprevention/SK DrowningFactSheet.pdf., Drowning and submersion (Chapter eight. In: Injury in Colorado: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. p 107-14.
Golden FC, Tipton MJ, Scott RC. Immersion, near-drown- ing and drowning. Br J Anaesth 1997;79:214-25.
Karnak I, Tanyel C, Büyükpamukçu N, Hiçsönmez A. Pulmonary Effects of Household Bleach Ingestion in Children. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1996;35;471.
Tanyel FC, Büyükpamukçu N, Hiçsönmez A. Chlorine bleach ingestion in children: a review of 80 cases. Turkish J Pediatr 1988;30:105-8.
Reisz GR, Gammon RS. Toxic pneumonitis from mixing household cleaners. Chest 1986;8:49-52.
Modell JH. Drowning. N Engl J Med 1993;328: 253-6.
Witte MK. Near-drowning. In: Practical Guide to Pediatric Intensive Care. JL Blumer, editor. Mosby, St. Louis, 1990;313-7.
Orlowski JP. Drowning, near-drowning, ice-water submer- sions. Pediatr Clin North Am 1987;34:75-92.
Ashwal S, Schneider S, Tomasi L, Thompson J. Prognostic implications of hyperglycemia and reduced cerebral blood flow in childhood near-drowning. Neurology 1990; 40:820-3.
Dean JM, Kaufman ND. Prognostic indicators in paediatric near-drowning: The Glasgow Coma Scale. Critical Care Medicine 1981;9:536-9.
Golden F St C, Tipton MJ, Scott RC. Immersion, neardrown- ing and drowning. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1997;79:214-25.
Rubenfeld GD, Caldwell E, Peabody E, Weaver J, Martin DP, Neff M, et al. Incidence and outcomes of acute lung injury. N Engl J Med 2005;353:1685-93.
Flori HR, Glidden DV, Rutherford GW, Matthay MA. Pediatric acute lung injury: prospective evaluation of risk factors associated with mortality. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2005;171:995-1001.
Erickson S, Schibler A, Numa A, Nuthall G, Yung M, Pascoe E, et al. Acute lung injury in pediatric intensive care in Australia and New Zealand: a prospective, multi- center, observational study. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2007;8:317-23.
Li Y, Wang Q, Chen H, Gao HM, Zhou T, Qian SY. Epidemiological features and risk factor analysis of chil- dren with acute lung injury. World J Pediatr 2012;8:43-6.