DION KHRYSOSTOMOS’UN KRALLIK SÖYLEVLERİNDE «İDEAL» KRAL TASVİRİ

Bu makalede, Dion Khrysostomos’un İmparator Traianus’a ithaf ederek oluşturduğu krallık söylevlerinde (Περὶ βασιλείας: or. 1-4) sunduğu «ideal» kral tasviri incelenmektedir. Hatip, krallık söylevlerinde bir yandan, bir kralın sahip olması gereken erdemlere ve uzak durması gereken erdemsizliklere yoğunlaşırken; bir yandan da şiir, müzik, felsefe ve hitabet gibi kültürel kazanımlardan beslenme ve giyinme gibi temel hususlara dek uzanan özel bir eğitim ve yaşam önerisi sunar. Ayrıca, «ideal» krala özgü temel erdemlerden biri olarak gördüğü dostluk konusu üzerinde de durur. Hatip bu söylevlerinde, hem Hellen bilgeliği çerçevesinde yönetimin iyileşmesi ve kötüye gitmemesi adına, Roma imparatorunu muhatap alan ideolojik bir yaklaşım sergiler; hem de ismini zikretmeden Domitianus ve Traianus’un sahip olduğu niteliklere atıfta bulunarak onların kişiliklerine ayna tutar. Böylece, hatibin «ideal» kral tasviri incelendiğinde, Traianus ideolojisi ve adı geçen imparatorlarla ilgili duygu ve düşünceleri ortaya çıkmış olur.

THE PORTRAYAL OF THE IDEAL KING IN DIO CHRYSOSTOM’S KINGSHIP ORATIONS

This article examines the literary portrayal of the ideal king in Dio Chrysostom’s kingship orations (Περὶ βασιλείας: or. 1-4), which were dedicated to Emperor Trajan. The orator, on the one hand, focuses on the inner qualities of a king on the level of virtues and vices. He, on the other hand, offers a specific educational programme ranging from cultural achievements in poetry, music, philosophy and oratory to basic human needs, such as nutrition and clothing. And he puts emphasis on friendship as a royal virtue. In his kingship orations, Dio Chrysostom takes an ideological approach to the Roman emperor in accordance with the standards of the Greek wisdom and aims to improve the Roman government and prevent the moral corruption of the emperor; he also mirrors Domitian’s and Trajan’s characters with some implicit references to their qualities. In this way, when the description of the ideal king is examined Dio’s Trajanic ideology and his feelings and sentiments about the mentioned emperors are revealed.

Kaynakça

Antik Kaynaklar

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Kaynak Göster