TEDARİK ZİNCİRİ İZLENEBİLİRLİĞİ VE SÜRDÜRÜLEBİLİRLİĞİNDE YENİ PARADİGMA: BLOKZİNCİR

Blokzincirin günden güne artan farkındalık düzeyiyle birlikte farklı alanlarda kullanılabilirliği hem akademisyenler hem de uygulayıcılar tarafından çalışılmaktadır. Ancak blokzincir teknolojisinin tedarik zinciri yönetimi alanında kullanımı ile ilgili henüz az sayıda çalışma bulunmaktadır. Farklı çalışmalarda ayrı ayrı ele alınan tedarik zinciri izlenebilirliği ve tedarik zinciri sürdürülebilirliği bu çalışmada blokzincir teknolojik altyapısıyla değerlendirilmektedir. Çalışmada yöntem olarak örnek olay yöntemi benimsenerek blokzincir projelerinin örnek olayları paylaşılmıştır. Blokzincir teknolojik altyapısının kullanımının tedarik zinciri şeffaflığını; izlenebilirlik ve sürdürülebilirlik açısından olumlu yönde etkileyeceği düşünülmektedir.

NEW PARADIGM IN SUPPLY CHAIN TRACEABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY: BLOCKCHAIN

Despite the increasing awareness level of the block chain and its use in different fields, there are only a few studies on the use of blockchain technology in the field of supply chain management. Supply chain traceability and supply chain sustainability, which are dealt with separately in different studies, are evaluated in this study with the blockchain technological infrastructure. In the study, the case study method was adopted, and the case studies of blockchain projects were shared. It is considered that the use of blockchain technological infrastructure will positively affect supply chain transparency in terms of traceability and sustainability.

Kaynakça

AKKERMANS, H., BOGERD, P., & DOREMALEN, J. VAN (2004), Travail, transparency and trust : A case study of computer-supported collaborative supply chain planning in high-tech electronics, 153, 445– 456. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-2217(03)00164-4

ARİYAWARDANA, A., GANEGODAGE, K., & MORTLOCK, M. Y. (2017), "Consumers’ trust in vegetable supply chain members and their behavioural responses : A study based in Queensland , Australia”, Food Control, 73, 193–201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.08.006

BANERJEE, R., & MENON, H. (2015), Traceability in Food and Agricultural Products. Retrieved from http://www.intracen.org/exporters/qualitymanagement/

BANO, S., SONNINO, A., AL-BASSAM, M., AZOUVI, S., MCCORRY, P., MEIKLEJOHN, S., & DANEZIS, G. (2017a), Consensus in the Age of Blockchains. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.03936

BANO, S., SONNİNO, A., AL-BASSAM, M., AZOUVI, S., MCCORRY, P., MEIKLEJOHN, S., & DANEZIS, G. (2017b), Consensus in the Age of Blockchains.

BASTIAN, J., & ZENTES, J. (2013), "Supply chain transparency as a key prerequisite for sustainable agri-food supply chain management”, The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research. Taylor & Francis. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593969.2013.834836

BECHINI, A., CİMİNO, M. G. C. A., MARCELLONI, F., & TOMASI, A. (2008), Patterns and technologies for enabling supply chain traceability through collaborative e-business, 50, 342–359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2007.02.017

BEULENS, A. J. M., FOLSTAR, P., & HOFSTEDE, G. J. (2005), Food safety and transparency in food chains and networks Relationships and challenges, 16, 481–486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2003.10.010

BOGART, S., & RICE, K. (2015a), "The Blockchain Report: Welcome to the Internet of Value”, Needham & Company, October, 1–57. https://doi.org/10.15623/ijret.2016.0509001

BOGART, S., & RICE, K. (2015b), "The Blockchain Report: Welcome to the Internet of Value”, Needham & Company, October, 1–57. https://doi.org/10.15623/ijret.2016.0509001

BRADU, C., & ORQUIN, J. L. (2014), The Mediated Influence of a Traceability Label on Consumer ’ s Willingness to Buy the Labelled Product, 283– 295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-013-1872-2

CHEN, J. V, YEN, D. C., RAJKUMAR, T. M., & TOMOCHKO, N. A. (2011), "Computer Standards & Interfaces The antecedent factors on trust and commitment in supply chain relationships”, Computer Standards & Interfaces, 33(3), 262–270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csi.2010.05.003

EGELS-ZANDÉN, N., & HANSSON, N. (2016), "Supply Chain Transparency as a Consumer or Corporate Tool : The Case of Nudie Jeans Co”, Journal of Consumer Policy, 377–395. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10603-015- 9283-7

EGELS-ZANDÉN, N., HULTHÉN, K., & WULFF, G. (2015), "Trade-offs in supply chain transparency : the case of Nudie Jeans Co”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 107, 95–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.04.074

FAWCETT, S. E., JONES, S. L., & FAWCETT, A. M. (2012), "Supply chain trust : The catalyst for collaborative innovation”, Business Horizons, 55(2), 163–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2011.11.004

GALVEZ, J. F., MEJUTO, J. C., & SIMAL-GANDARA, J. (2018), "Future challenges on the use of blockchain for food traceability analysis”, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 107, 222–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TRAC.2018.08.011

GÜNEŞ, E., AKTAÇ, Ş., & KORKMAZ, İ. (2014), "Tüketicilerin Gıda Etiketlerine Yönelik Tutum ve Davranışları”, Akademik Gıda, 12(3), 30– 37. Retrieved from http://www.academicfoodjournal.com

HALİL, F. M., MOHAMMED, M. F., MAHBUB, R., & SAIFUZA, A. (2016), "Trust Attributes to Supply Chain Partnering in Industrialised Building System”, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 222, 46–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.174

KSHETRI, N. (2018a), "International Journal of Information Management 1 Blockchain ’ s roles in meeting key supply chain management objectives”, International Journal of Information Management, 39(December 2017), 80–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2017.12.005

KSHETRI, N. (2018b), "International Journal of Information Management 1 Blockchain ’ s roles in meeting key supply chain management objectives”, International Journal of Information Management, 39(December 2017), 80–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2017.12.005

KWON, I. G., & SUH, T. (2004), "Factors Affecting the Level of Trust and Commitment in Supply Chain Relationships”, The Journal of Supply Chain Management, 40(2), 4–14. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745- 493X.2004.tb00165.x

LAMMING, R., CALDWELL, N., & HARRISON, D. (2004), Developing the Concept of Transparency for Use in Supply Relationships, 15, 291–302.

MADHWAL, Y., & PANFILOV, P. (2017), Blockchain And Supply Chain Management: Aircrafts’ Parts’ Business Case, 1051–1056. https://doi.org/10.2507/28th.daaam.proceedings.146

MOL, A. P. J. (2015), "Transparency and value chain sustainability”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 107, 154–161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.11.012

NEW, S. (2010), "Operations: The Transparent Supply Chain”, Harvard Business Review, 88(10), 76–82.

NOOR, S., YANG, W., GUO, M., van DAM, K. H., & WANG, X. (2018), "Energy Demand Side Management within micro-grid networks enhanced by blockchain”, Applied Energy, 228(April), 1385–1398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.07.012

NORTON, T., BEIER, J., & SHIELDS, L. (2014a), A guide to traceability. New York.

NORTON, T., BEIER, J., & SHIELDS, L. (2014b), A guide to traceability. New York. Retrieved from https://www.unglobalcompact.org/library/791

ØLNES, S., UBACHT, J., & JANSSEN, M. (2017), "Blockchain in government: Benefits and implications of distributed ledger technology for information sharing”, Government Information Quarterly, 34(3), 355– 364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2017.09.007

ÖNDER, I., & TREİBLMAİER, H. (2018), "Blockchain and tourism: Three research propositions”, Annals of Tourism Research, 72(March), 180– 182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2018.03.005

PAZAİTİS, A., De FİLİPPİ, P., & KOSTAKİS, V. (2017), "Blockchain and value systems in the sharing economy: The illustrative case of Backfeed”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 125(May), 105–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.05.025

RAHİMİ, F., MØLLER, C., & HVAM, L. (2016), "Business process management and IT management: The missing integration”, International Journal of Information Management, 36(1), 142–154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2015.10.004

SİNGHAL, B., DHAMEJA, G., & PANDA, P. S. (2018), Beginning Blockchain A Beginner’s Guide to Building Blockchain Solutions. Bangalore: Apress. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-3444-0

TYSİACHNİOUK, M. (2013), "Forest Policy and Economics Fostering transparency in the transnational supply chain : From Russian forest producers to consumers in Europe and the USA ☆”, Forest Policy and Economics, 31, 3–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2012.02.011

VİRİYASİTAVAT, W., & HOONSOPON, D. (2018a), "Blockchain characteristics and consensus in modern business processes”, Journal of Industrial Information Integration, (July), 0–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jii.2018.07.004

VİRİYASİTAVAT, W., & HOONSOPON, D. (2018b), "Blockchain characteristics and consensus in modern business processes”, Journal of Industrial Information Integration, (July), 0–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jii.2018.07.004

VRANKEN, H. (2017), "Sustainability of bitcoin and blockchains”, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 28, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2017.04.011

WOGNUM, P. M. N., BREMMERS, H., TRİENEKENS, J. H., VORST, J. G. A. J. VAN DER, & BLOEMHOF, J. M. (2011), "Advanced Engineering Informatics Systems for sustainability and transparency of food supply chains – Current status and challenges”, Advanced Engineering Informatics, 25(1), 65–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aei.2010.06.001

XU, L. DA, XU, E. L., & Lİ, L. (2018), "Industry 4.0: state of the art and future trends”, International Journal of Production Research, 7543, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2018.1444806

YUE, X., WANG, H., JİN, D., Lİ, M., & JİANG, W. (2016), "Healthcare Data Gateways: Found Healthcare Intelligence on Blockchain with Novel Privacy Risk Control”, Journal of Medical Systems, 40(10), https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-016-0574-6

Kaynak Göster