İngiliz güvenlik ve dış politikasında Kıbrıs (1945-1974)

İngiltere’nin Kıbrıs politikasının başta stratejik olmak üzere siyasi, ekonomik ve hatta sosyo-psikolojik unsurları vardır. Bu unsurlar da ulusal, bölgesel ve uluslararası düzeydeki şartlardan etkilenmiştir. Bu çerçevede İngiltere’nin Kıbrıs siyaseti ülkenin güvenlik ve dış politikası ile savunma doktrinine paralel dönemsel değişiklikler göstermiştir. Kıbrıs, İngiltere’nin Orta Doğu’da ‘büyük devlet’ olarak kalıcılığını sağlama çabaları bağlamında bir dönem askeri ve siyasi açıdan vazgeçilmez addedilmiştir. Ancak Süveyş Krizi sonrası ortaya çıkan şartlar Ada’nın bütününde hâkimiyet sağlama gerekliliğini ortadan kaldırmış, bağımsızlığın yolunu açmıştır. 1960 sonrası dönemde ise Kıbrıs siyaseti diğer iki garantör ülke ve artık bölgenin yeni hâkimi olan ABD ile ortak çıkarların belirlediği ilişkiler ve güç dengesi zemininde şekillenmiştir.

Kaynakça

161 Birincil Kaynaklar

United States, Congress, House, Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and Related Agencies Appropriations (1984). Fore- ign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations for 1985: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representati- ves, Ninety-eighth Congress, Second Session. Washington: U.S. G.P.O.

Avam Kamarası Tutanakları

Hansard 1: Hansard HC Deb 28 July 1954, vol 531, cols 504-8.

Hansard 2: Hansard HC Deb 19 December 1956,vol 562, cols 1267-68. İngiltere Milli Arşivleri (TNA)

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3. Cabinet meeting, 18 February 1964, CAB-128/38, Part 2, CM(64)12-2.

4. Cabinet note by Selwyn Lloyd, 16 February 1959, CAB-128/33 C(59) 25.

5. Cabinet Papers, minute by Foreign Secretary, 18 August 1964, CAB-128/38, CM45(64).

6. Chiefs of Staff Committee COS(59), 17th meeting, 10 March 1959, DEFE- 4/116.

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8. Cmnd 455(1958), p.3.

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10. CRO to Nicosia, 28 December 1963, PREM-11/4702.

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14. FCO-9/2118, 13 November 1974.

15. FCO-9/2119, 13 December 1974.

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18. FO to PM, 6 April 1960, PREM-11/2923.

19. Hugh Foot (Nicosia) to CRO (Sir John Martin), 19 January 1959, FO- 371/144632.

20. I.T.M. Lucas (FO) to CO, 10 October 1966, FO-371/185826, CT 1022/7.

21. Minute by Central Department, 22 October 1964, FO-371/174757, C 1051/90.

22. Minute by D.S.L. Dodson, ‘Cyprus’, 13 July 1964, FO-371/174766, C 1205/11.

23. Minute by D.S.L. Dodson, 2 March 1965, FO-371/179982, CO 1051/6.

24. Minute by EJ.W. Barnes (Head of Western Organisation and Co-Ordination Department), 21 January 1964, FO-371/174746, C 1015/456.

25. Minute by Hood, 27 November 1964, FO-371/174770.

26. Minute by R.E. Parsons, 7 May 1964, FO-371/174762, C 1193/3.

27. Minute by Sir Harold Caccia (Permanent Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign Office), 4 January 1964, FO-371/174745, C 1015/167.

28. Minute by J.O. Rennie, 17 April 1964, ‘Washington Talks: Cyprus’, F0- 371/174750, C 1015/1361.

29. O.G. Forster (Private Secretary) CO to Michael Palliser, 12 July 1967, PREM 13/1372.

30. PM (Home) to Lord Carrington, 28 December 1963, PREM-11/4702.

31. PM to CRO, 26 July 1965, FO-371/179988, CC 1195/11(G).

32. Record of Conversation between Harold Wilson and Bülent Ecevit, 17 July 1974, PREM 16/19.

33. PREM-11/2628, 6 February 1959.

34. Record of conversation between Harold Wilson and Spyros Kyprianou, 12 March 1965, PREM-13/97J.

35. Record of meeting between Selwyn Lloyd and Fatin Rüştü Zorlu at the British Embassy, Paris, 16 December 1958, FO-371/136414 GC 1077/3.

36. Roger Allen (Athens) to FO (F. Hoyer Millar), 17 January 1959, FO- 371/144629, RGC- 1051/8.

37. Roger Allen (Athens) to FO (Selwyn Lloyd), 6 March 1959, FO-371/144611, RGC- 10319-17.

38. Selwyn Lloyd (Paris) to FO, 18 December 1958, FO-371/136414, GC1077/8.

39. Selwyn Lloyd (Paris) to FO, 18 December 1958, FO-371/136414, RGC 1077/1.

40. W. Arthur Clark (UK Representative in Cyprus) to the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, 27 January 1961, Nicosia, FO-371/160184, RC 1054/4.

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