The intangible characteristics of the two indigenous traditional dwellings in West Kalimantan

A house has an important role in our lives. It is built to meet the physical and spiritual needs of the occupants. It is also a part of the physical culture, which in the traditional context, is a form of expression and closely linked with the personality of the community. All parts or features of a house possess valuable norms held by the community, and applied in the physical appearance of the house. In the traditional sense, the layout of and functions of the rooms in a house reflect the values, principles, and norms that are held by a family and prevail in their community. The influences of the religious concepts, their beliefs, and the community culture are expressed in the physical, architectural form of their dwellings. The belief is the benchmark to distinguish the understanding of the house elements on these two types of architecture. The rules adhered by the Malays are based on the Quran and Al-Hadith. These sources of authority regulate the two main aspects of Malay lives, i.e. human relationship with God and human relationship with the others. The positive rules to the life of the Dayaks are the customary law, customs, and traditional beliefs.


A Ghaffarian Hoseini; Umberto Be-rardi; Nur Dalilah Dahlan; Ali Ghaffarian Hoseini. (2014). What can we learn from Malay vernacular houses?. Sus-tainable Cities and Society 13 (2014) 157–170

Alcorn, J. B.; Royo, A. G., Eds. (2000). Indigenous Social Movements and Ecological Resilience: Lessons from the Dayak of Indonesia. Biodiversity Support Program c/o World Wildlife Fund. Washington, D.C.

Alqadrie, S. I. (1990). Ethnicity and Social Change in Dyaknese Society of West Kalimantan Indonesia. Doctor of Philosophy dissertation at Kentucky University USA. University Microfilms International. Ann Arbor, MI.

Barrett, R. J. (2004). Space, repetition and collective interlocution: Psychiatric interviews in a Borneo Long-house. Communication & Medicine 1(1) (2004), pp. 25–34.

Beynon, D. (2013). The Contemporary Iban Longhouse: The Sustenance and Applicability of a Socio-spatial Culture. The International Journal of Social Sustainability in Economic, Social, and Cultural Context, Volume 9 / 2013

Esariti, L; Yuliastuti, N; and Ratih, N K. (2012). Riverine Settlement Adaptation Characteristic in Mentaya River, East Kotawaringin Regency, Kalimantan Province. 2nd Geoplanning-International Conference on Geomatics and Planning, IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 123 (2018) 012039 DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/123/1/012039

Güney, Y. Đ.. (2007) Type and typology in architectural discourse. BAÜ FBE Dergisi Volume 9 No.1 pp. 3-18

Helliwell, C. 1990. Social Relations In A Borneo Dayak Community. A The-sis Submitted For The Degree Of Doc-tor Of Philosophy Of The Australian National University. Australia

Hosseini, E.; Mursib, G; Nafida, R bt R. S.. (2016). Implementation of Tra-ditional Malay Design Values in Con-temporary Malay Houses. Internation-al Journal Of Built Environment And Sustainability, IJBES 3(2)/2016, 93-101

Ibrahim, S.H; Liew A.A.H; Nawi M.N.M.; Yusoff M.N. (2015). Rein-venting Traditional Malay House for Sustainable Housing Design: Obstacle and Proposed Solution. Jurnal Teknolo-gi (Sciences & Engineering) 72:1 (2015) 97–102

Im, J.; Han, J. (2015) Typological Design Strategy of FOA’s Architec-ture, Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 14:2, 443-449

Jalil, M. N. A. (2014). The Roles of Malays in the Process of Islamization of the Malay World: A Preliminary Study. International Journal of Nusantara Is-lam. Vol. 02 No. 02 – 2014: 11 – 20

Mahayuddin, S.A.; Wan-Zaharud-din W. A. Z.; Harun S. N.; Ismail, B. 2017. Assessment of building typology and construction method of tradition-al longhouse. Procedia Engineering 180 ( 2017 ) 1015 – 1023

Marcussen, L. (2008). The Architec-ture of Space – The Space of Architec-ture. The Danish Architecture Press. Copenhagen, Danemark

Noble, A. G. (2007). Traditional Buildings ~ A Global Survey of Structural Forms and Cultural Functions. I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd, New York

Oliver, P. (1987). Dwellings : The House across the World. Phaidon Press. Oxford.

Pebriano, V. (2006). Budaya Ber-mukim Masyarakat Dayak Dosan di Kalimantan Barat (The Living Culture of the Community of Dayak Dosan of West Kalimantan). Master Thesis of Bandung Institute of Technology (un-published). Bandung

Pheasant, S. (2003). Bodyspace: Anthropometric, Ergonomics and the Design of Work. Taylor and Francis inc. Philadelphia, USA

Prasojo, Z. H. (2017). Religious And Cultural Existences Within The Com-munities of Upper Kapuas Riverside of West Kalimantan. Al Albab Volume 6 Number 2 December 2017

Rachmawati, M; Mappajaya, A. (2012). Local Wisdom In Java’s Architecture (Studied In Nature, Technology And Humanity). Academic Research International. Vol. 3, No. 1, July 2012

Rahim, Z. A. (2014). The Influence of Culture and Religion on Visual Pri-vacy. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 170 ( 2015 ) 537 – 544

Razali, N.H.M.; Talib, A. (2013). The Concept of Privacy and the Malay Dwelling Interior Space Planning.. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 101 ( 2013 ) 404 – 414

Rousseau, D. (2018) On the Architecture of Systemology and the Typology of Its Principles. Systems - Open Access Journal Volume 6 No. 7: 17 pages

Sahabuddin, M.F.M; Gonzalez-Lon-go, C. (2015). Traditional Values And Their Adaptation In Social Housing Design: Towards A New Typology And Establishment Of ‘Air House’ Standard In Malaysia. Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, Volume 9 - Issue 2 – July 2015 - (31- 44) – Regular Section

Sangalang, I; Darjosanjoto, E. T. S. (2011). The Dayak adaptation in kam-pong of Kahayan riverside Palangkaraya Indonesia. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research Volume 1 no. 3 page 283-289

Soenarpo; Wuryanto, H; Ahok, P; Barmaniki, F.S; Mahsor, M. (1986). Arsitektur Tradisional Kalimantan Barat (Traditional Architecture of West Kalimantan). Project of Inventory and Documentations of Regional Culture for the Department of Education and Culture Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta

Thomson, L K. (2000). The effect of the Dayak Worldview, Customs, Traditions and Customary Law (Adat Istiadat) on the Interpretation of the Gospel in West Kalimantan, Indone-sian Borneo. Doctor of Ministry dissertation at Acadia University Canada. University Microfilms International. Ann Arbor, MI

Ting, J. (2005) The Egalitarian Ar-chitecture of the Iban Longhouse. in Leach, A. & Matthewson, G. ‘Celebra-tion – Proceedings of the 22nd. Annual Conference of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand’, Napier, New Zealand, SAH-ANZ

Zain, Z. (2012). The Structural System of Traditional Malay Dwellings in Sambas Town West Kalimantan, In-donesia. International Journal of the Malay World and Civilisation (Iman) 30(1), 2012: 139 – 158.

Zain, Z. (2016). The Ecological Re-sponsive Buildings: Traditional Houses in the Kapuas Riverside of West Kalimantan. KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society And Culture. Komunitas 8 (2) (2016): 295-308 DOI:10.15294/komunitas.v8i2.5836.

Kaynak Göster