VICTIMS OF THE SOVIET POLICIES: THE CASE OF THE AHISKA TURKS (1944-1968)

Once a group of people are labelled as outsiders and removed from a given territory forcefully, they become the subject of a deportation practice. Additionally, the experiences during and after the deportation constitute an important component of in-group collective consciousness of deportees. This study is a case study built on the conceptual framework, which is also known as analytical framework. The study first aims to determine the reasons of the deportation of the Ahiska Turks. Then the study intends to connect the traumatic experiences of the Ahiska Turks during and after the process of the deportation and their years in exile to the construction of their collective group identity. At this point, this study argues that although the ideological dichotomisation of the world constituted the essential component of the Soviet identity, this binarised understanding of the world flamed the fear of foreign penetration into the socialist community and triggered the Soviet xenophobia at home. Last but not least, although it is acknowledged that the identity construction is an ongoing process and the Ahiska Turks were subject of discrimination and violence after 1968, this study limits itself by focusing on the experiences of the Ahiska Turks from 1944 to 1968 since 1944 was the year of their deportation was executed and 1968 was the year when their deportation was officially recognised and they were rehabilitated by the Soviet government.

SOVYET POLİTİKALARININ MAĞDURLARI: AHISKA TÜRKLERİ ÖRNEK OLAYI (1944-1968)

Bir grup insan, yabancı olarak etiketlenip belirli bir toprak parçasından zorla ayrılmak zorunda bırakıldıklarında sürgün eyleminin konusu haline gelmektedirler. Ayrıca sürgün süreci ve sonrasındaki deneyimler, sürgün edilenlerin grup içi kolektif bilinçlerinin önemli bir parçasını oluşturmaktadır. Örnek olay incelemesi olan bu çalışma analitik yaklaşım olarak da bilinen kavramsal çerçeve üzerine kurulmuştur. Çalışma öncelikle Ahıska Türklerinin sürgün edilme sebeplerini tespit etmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Daha sonra çalışmada Ahıska Türklerinin sürgün süreci ve sonrasında yaşamış oldukları travmatik deneyimler ile Ahıska Türklerinin kolektif grup kimliği oluşumu arasında bağlantı kurmayı hedeflenmektedir. Bu noktada çalışma, dünyanın ideolojik olarak iki zıt parçaya bölünmesinin Sovyet kimliğinin esas bileşenini oluşturduğunu ve bu şekilde dünyanın ikileştirilerek anlaşılmasının sosyalist topluma dışarıdan nüfuz edilmesi korkusunu alevlendirdiğini ve içeride ise Sovyetlerin yabancı korkusunu tetiklediğini ileri sürmektedir. Acı verici deneyimleri ise onların kimliklerinin bir parçası haline gelmiştir. Son olarak bir diğer önemli husus ise kimlik inşasının devam eden bir süreç olduğu ve Ahıska Türklerinin ayrımcılık ve şiddete 1968 yılından sonra da maruz kaldıkları kabul edilmekle birlikte bu çalışma Ahıska Türklerinin 1944 -sürgünün başlangıç yılı- ve 1968 -sürgünün Sovyet hükümeti tarafından resmi olarak tanındığı ve Ahıska Türklerinin itibarının iade edildiği yıl - yılları arasndaki deneyimlerine odaklanarak kendini sınırlandırmıştır

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