Is gestational diabetes a risk factor for neonatal hearing loss?

Aim: Newborn hearing screening is important for early detection of hearing loss in newborns. Gestational diabetes is a metabolic disease that can occur in pregnancy and cause complications such as those in the other diabetes mellitus patients. As uncomplicated gestational diabetes has not been described as a cause for prenatal complications in the literature, this study aimed to determine whether gestational diabetes is a risk factor for hearing impairment among newborns. Methods: This retrospective study included infants born between 2015 and 2017. The infants were divided into two groups: Control group consisted of 100 randomly selected children of healthy mothers. Study group consisted of 79 infants whose mothers had gestational diabetes mellitus. Exclusion criteria included other risk factors and 8 infants were excluded from the study due to risk factors other than gestational diabetes mellitus. The results of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions in infants of mothers with gestational diabetes were compared with those of infants of healthy mothers. Results: In this study, we compared transient evoked otoacoustic emission results of 71 infants of gestational diabetic mothers with 100 infants of healthy mothers. All the infants of healthy mothers, as well as the infants of mothers with gestational diabetes without risk factors, passed the transient evoked otoacoustic emission test. Conclusions: There was no difference detected in the hearing screening results between infants of mothers with gestational diabetes and infants of healthy mothers.

Gestasyonel diyabet yenidoğan işitme kaybında bir risk faktörü müdür?

Amaç: İşitme kaybı, yenidoğanlar arasında en sık görülen konjenital anomalilerden biridir. Yenidoğan işitme tarama programı işitme kaybı olan yenidoğanlarda erken tanı için önem arz etmektedir Gestasyonel diyabet ise gebelikte ortaya çıkan ve diğer diyabetes mellitus tanısı alan hastalardaki gibi komplikasyonlara neden olabilen metabolik bir hastalıktır. Komplike olmamış gestasyonel diyabeti işitme kaybı riski oluşturan prenatal bir komplikasyon olarak tanımlayan bir çalışma literatürde bulunmamaktadır. Bu çalışmada gestasyonel diyabetin yenidoğanlarda işitme bozukluğu için bir risk faktörü olup olmadığını belirlemeyi amaçladık. Metod: Bu retrospektif çalışmaya 2015-2017 yılları arasında doğan bebekler dahil edildi. Bebekler iki gruba ayrıldı; Kontrol grubu: Rastgele seçilen sağlıklı 100 annenin çocuğundan oluşuyordu. Çalışma grubu: 8 tanesi en az bir risk faktörüne sahip olup çalışma dışında bırakılan, gestasyonel diyabeti olan annelerden doğan 79 bebekten oluşan grup idi. Gestasyonel diyabeti olan annelerden doğan bebeklerin transient otoakustik emisyon sonuçlarının sağlıklı annelerden doğanların sonuçları ile karşılaştırdık. Bulgular: Bu çalışmada 71 gestasyonel diyabeti olan anne bebeği ile 100 sağlıklı anne bebeğinin transient otoakustik emisyon sonuçları ile karşılaştırıldı. Sağlıklı annelerin bebeklerinin yanı sıra risk faktörü olmayan gestasyonel diyabeti olan anne bebeklerinin tümü transient otoakustik emisyon testini geçti. Sonuç: Annesinde gestasyonel diyabeti olan bebeklerin işitme tarama sonuçları ile annesi sağlıklı olan bebeklerin işitme tarama sonuçları arasında bir fark tespit edilememiştir.

Kaynakça

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