Kadın sünnetinin alt üriner sistem semptomlarına etkisi ve hemşirelik bakımı

Kadın sünneti (genital mutilasyonu), tıbbi olmayan nedenlerle kadının dış genital organlarının kısmen ya da tamamen çıkarılmasını veya genital organlara zarar verilmesini içeren işlemlerdir. Kadın sünnetinin akut ve kronik olmak üzere birçok riski bulunmaktadır. Dünya üzerindeki çoğu ülke bu uygulamayı yasaklamıştır. Doğrudan alt üriner sisteme zarar veren bir uygulama olmasından dolayı bu sistemde rahatsızlıklar görülmektedir. Akut idrar retansiyonu, üriner sistem enfeksiyonları ve ağrılı veya zor idrar yapma problemleri en sık görülen sorunlardır. Üriner inkontinans problemleri kadın sünneti olan bireylerde daha fazla oranda görülmektedir. Konunun mahrem olması, coğrafi olarak ulaşımın zor olması ve sağlık merkezlerine uzaklık nedeniyle özellikle akut dönemde oluşan ürojinekolojik problemler fark edilmemektedir. Hemşireler, özellikle risk altındaki kızların belirlenmesinde ve tanılanmasında toplum katmanlarında bireye en yakın sağlık profesyoneli olması nedeniyle büyük rol oynamaktadır

The effect of female circumcision on lower urinary tract symptoms and nursing care

Female circumcision (genital mutilation) is the procedure involving partial or complete removal of the woman’s external genital organs or damage to the genital organs for non-medical reasons. Female circumcision has many risks, including acute and chronic. Most countries in the world have banned this practice. As it is an application that directly damages the lower urinary system, discomfort is observed in this system. Acute urinary retention, urinary tract infections and painful or difficult urination problems are the most common problems. Urinary incontinence problems are more common in individuals with female circumcision. Urogynecological problems, especially in the acute period, are not noticed due to the fact that the subject is confidential, geographically difficult to reach and the distance to health centers. Nurses play a major role in identifying and diagnosing girls at risk, especially because nurses are the closest healthcare professionals to community

Kaynakça

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