The Effects of Different Doses of Organic Chicken Fertilizer on the Element Analysis of Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) genus belonging to the Lamiaceae family is an important aromatic plant cultivated in many parts of the world for its essential oil The present study was performed to determine the effects of different organic chicken fertilizer doses (0,750, 1000, 1250 and 1500 kg/da) on some elements of sweet basil. The experiments were established in Bolu location (40°41′ 28″ N, 31°32′ 38″E, 760 m elevation), during the years 2015-2016. The ions in aerosol samples were determined by using Dionex ICS 1100 Series ion chromatography. In leaves, the highest K+ and Clcontents were observed in the control (0 kg/da) application (41.50 mg/g and 11.90 mg/g), the highest PO4 -3 and Mg+2 contents were detected in 750 kg/da organic chicken fertilizer (12.3 mg/g and 1.99 mg/g), the highest Ca+2 content was detected in 1000 kg/da organic chicken fertilizer (22.6 mg/g), the highest SO4 -2 content was detected in 1500 kg/da organic chicken fertilizer (84 mg/g) and the lowest Ca content was observed in 1500 kg/da organic chicken fertilizer (6.22 mg/g) and the lowest PO4 -3 and CIcontents were detected in 1250 kg/da organic chicken fertilizer (8.14 mg/g, 8.34 mg/g). As a result of this research, 750 and 1000 kg/da application of organic chicken fertilizer dose had significant effect on some elements of sweet basil.

Organik Tavuk Gübresinin Farklı Dozlarının Fesleğen (Ocimum basilicum L.)’in Element Analizine Etkileri

Lamiaceae familyasına ait fesleğen (Ocimum basilicum L.), dünyanın birçok yerinde uçucu yağı için yetiştirilen önemli bir aromatik bitkidir. Bu çalışma, farklı organik tavuk gübresi dozlarının (0,750, 1000, 1250 ve 1500 kg/da) fesleğen bitkisinin bazı elementleri üzerine etkilerini belirlemek amacıyla, 2015-2016 yıllarında Bolu lokasyonunda (40°41′ 28″ K, 31°32′ 38″D, 760 m rakım) yürütülmüştür. Aerosol numunelerindeki iyonlar, Dionex ICS 1100 Seri iyon kromatografisi kullanılarak belirlenmiştir. Bitki yapraklarında en yüksek element içeriklerine, K+ (41.50 mg/g ) ve Cl (1.90 mg/g ) kontrol şartlarında, Ca+2 (22.6 mg/g) 1000 kg/da organik tavuk gübre uygulamasında, PO4 -3 (12.3 mg/g) ve Mg+2 (1.99 mg/g) 750 kg/da organik tavuk gübre uygulamasında, SO4 -2 (4.84 mg/g) 1500 kg/da organik tavuk gübre uygulamasında ulaşılırken, en düşük element içeriklerine Ca+2(6.22 mg/g) 1500 kg/da organik tavuk gübre uygulamasında, PO4 -3 (8.14 mg/g) ve CI (8.34 mg/g) 1250 kg/da organik tavuk gübre uygulamasında ulaşılmıştır. Bu araştırmanın sonucunda, 750 ve 1000 kg/da organik tavuk gübre dozlarının fesleğenin bazı elementleri üzerine olumlu etkileri olduğu saptanmıştır.

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