Effects of Propolis on Immune System

Propolis is a natural product derived from plant resins collected by honey bees. It is used by bees as glue, a general-purpose sealer, and as draught-extruder for bee hives. Propolis has been used in folk medicine for centuries. It is known that propolis possesses anti-microbial, antioxidative, anti-ulcerand anti-tumor activities. Therefore, propolis has attracted much attention in recent years as a useful or potential substance used in medicine and cosmetics products. Furthermore, it is now extensively used in food sand beverages with the claim that it can maintain or improve human health. The chemical composition of propolis is quite complicated. More than 300 compounds such as polyphenols, phenolic aldehydes, sequiterpenequinines, coumarins, amino acids, steroid sand inorganic compounds have been identified in propolis samples. The contents depend on the collecting location, time and plant source. Consequently, biological activities of propolis gathered from different phytogeographical area sand time periods vary greatly. The chemical composition and beneficial properties of propolis vary greatly depending on the phytogeographical areas, seasonal collection time, and botanical source. Polyphenols found in fruits and vegetables are beginning to receive increased attention due to the vital role in protecting neural cells from oxidative stress and neuroinflammation associated with normal aging and chronicage-related diseases.

Propolisin İmmun Sistem Üzerine Etkileri

Propolis, bal arıları tarafından toplanan bitki reçinelerinden elde edilen doğal bir üründür. Arılar tutkal, genel amaçlı sızdırmazlık maddesi ve arı kovanları için taslak ekstrüzyon makinesi olarak kullanılır. Propolis yüzyıllardır halk tıbbında kullanılmıştır. Propolis'in anti-mikrobik, antioksidatif, anti-ülser ve anti-tümör aktivitelerine sahip olduğu bilinmektedir. Bu nedenle, propolis son yıllarda tıp ve kozmetik ürünlerinde kullanılan yararlı veya potansiyel bir madde olarak dikkat çekmiştir. Dahası, artık insan sağlığını koruyabileceği veya geliştirdiği iddiasıyla gıda kumları içeceklerinde yaygın bir şekilde kullanılmaktadır. Propolisin kimyasal bileşimi oldukça karmaşıktır. Propolis örneklerinde polifenoller, fenolik aldehitler, sekuiterpen kininler, kumarinler, amino asitler, steroid inorganik bileşikler gibi 300'den fazla bileşik tespit edilmiştir. İçerik, toplanma yerine, zamana ve bitki kaynağına göre değişebilir. Sonuç olarak, farklı fitocoğrafik bölgelerin farklı dönemlerinden toplanan propolisin biyolojik faaliyetleri büyük ölçüde değişir. Propolisin kimyasal bileşimi ve faydalı özellikleri, fitocoğrafik alanlara, mevsimlik toplama süresine ve botanik kaynağa bağlı olarak büyük ölçüde değişir. Meyve ve sebzelerde bulunan polifenoller, nöral hücrelerin oksidatif stres ve normal yaşlanmaya ve kronik alyuvar hastalıklarına bağlı nöroinflamasyona karşı korunmada yaşamsal rolü bulunur.

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