Türkiye İçin Beş Yeni Morchella Kaydı

Ülkemizde kuzu göbeği mantarı olarak bilinen Morchella türleri tüm dünyada sevilerek tüketilenmantarlardan arasında yer alır. Ticari değerinin yüksek olması nedeniyle, ülkemizin değişikbölgelerinden toplanarak, farklı ülkelere yaş ve kuru olarak ihracatı yapılmaktadır. Türkiye coğrafikkonumu ve çok eski yıllardan beri birçok medeniyete ev sahipliği yapması nedeniyle zengin birekolojik çeşitliliğe sahiptir. Bu ekolojik çeşitliliğin içerisinde mantarlarda önemli bir yerkaplamaktadır. Gen kaynaklarımızın korunması, öncelikli çalışma konularından olmalıdır ve buamaca ulaşabilmek için de öncelikle mevcut çeşitliliğimizin tanımlanması gerekmektedir. Sunulançalışmada, Türkiye'nin farklı bölgelerinden 2007-2010 yılları arasında toplanan örneklerin türtanımları yapılmıştır. Arazide GPS koordinatları alınarak fotoğrafları çekilen örnekler, laboratuvaragetirilmiş, mikroskobik ve morfolojik tanılamaları yapılmıştır. Daha sonra kurutulan örneklerde,DNA dizi analizleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmada, Türkiye için 5 yeni Morchella kaydı: Morchellafluvialis Clowez, P. Alvarado, M. Becerra, Bilbao & P.A. Moreau, Morchella americana Clowez &C. Matherly, Morchella dunalii Boud., Morchella importuna M. Kuo, O'Donnell & T.J. Volk,Morchella tridentina Bres. sunulmuş; M. fluvialis ile M. americana Esculenta (sarı) grubunda; M.dunalii, M. importuna, ve M. tridentina ise Elata (siyah) grubunda yer almıştır

Five New Morchella Records for Turkey

Morchella spp. known as "kuzu göbeği" in our country is one of the consumed mushrooms in thewhole world. It is collected from different regions of Turkey and then exported to different countriesas fresh and dry due to its high commercial value. Turkey has a rich ecological diversity on accountof its geographical location and home to many civilizations for the earliest years. Mushrooms have avery important place in this ecological diversity. The protection of our genetic resources should be thepriority research topic in Turkey and to achieve this goal, it is necessary to define our diversity. In thisstudy, the species description of Morchella samples collected from different region of Turkey during2007-2010 years was performed. They were photographed in their locations and then GPScoordinates for each sample were recorded. After morphologic and microscopic analyses, Morchellasamples were dried and analyzed using DNA sequences. Five new Morchella records for Turkey werepresented in this study: Morchella fluvialis Clowez, P. Alvarado, M. Becerra, Bilbao & P.A. Moreau,Morchella americana Clowez & C. Matherly, Morchella dunalii Boud., Morchella importuna M.Kuo, O'Donnell & T.J. Volk, Morchella tridentina Bres. While M. fluvialis and M. americana nestedin Esculenta (Yellow) clade, M. dunalii, M. importuna and an M. tridentina nested in Elata (Black)clade

Kaynakça

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