Extraskeletal osteosarcoma misdiagnosed as heterotopic ossification after periprosthetic femoral fracture: A case report

Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a malignant tumor of soft tissue characterized by osteoid production and has a very low prevalence, comprising approximately 4% of all osteosarcomas and about 1% of all soft tissue sarcomas, and a total of about 350 cases have been reported until now. Heterotopic ossification is a pathological finding of bony tissue in soft tissue regions such as muscle, skin and subcutaneous tissue. We report a case of an 86-year-old woman with a history of total hip arthroplasty (THA), in which open reduction and internal fixation were done for periprosthetic femoral Fracture. The ossified lesion misdiagnosed as heterotopic ossification initially was diagnosed as extraskeletal osteosarcoma at 6 months after the surgery. Both extraskeletal osteosarcoma and heterotopic ossification have no definite symptoms, but show radiopaque shadows on simple radiograph. Therefore, careful attention and thorough evaluation with multiple imaging tests may be necessary for the differential diagnosis of these entities


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