Rüzgar Tutucular ve Binalardaki Enerji Verimliliği

Bu çalışma geleneksel havalandırma yöntemleri üzerinedir. Rüzgar enerjisi yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarından biri olduğundan beri yerleşim tasarımı ve uygulamalarında kullanılmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacıda bu konu üzerinedir. Tarihsel süreçte ilk olarak Mimar Arastu’nun ve Romalı mimar Vitrivius’un kentsel tasarım ve mimarlıkta rüzgar enerji yönetimi konuları üzerinde durdukları görülmüştür. Rüzgar tutucular soğutma sistemleri olmalarının yanı sıra binalar için en önemli doğal havalandırma araçlarıdır. Bu nedenle rüzgar tutucular sıcak, kurak ve nemli iklimlerin olduğu İran’ ın yerel mimarisinde çokca görülür. Yüzyıllardır İran’ın sıcak-kurak ve sıcak-nemli bölgelerindeki iklim ve hava durumlarına göre tasarlanan şehirler örnek olarak ele alınabilir. Geleneksel İran mimarisi farklı bölgelerdeki güneş, rüzgar, soğuk, sıcak hava ve diğer bütün hava koşullarından doğrudan etkilenmektedir.

Wind Catchers and Energy Efficiency in Buildings

This study is based on traditional ventilation methods. Since wind energy, one of the renewable energy resources, has long been used in settlement designs and practices, it is examined as the most important goal of the study. Architect Arastu (in 4th century BC) and Roman Architect Vitrivius (in 1st century BC) first dwelled upon wind energy management in urban design and architecture in historical period. It is intended to evaluate Wind Catcher as a cooling system and as the most important natural ventilation method of buildings. Thus, wind catcher is commonly seen in local architecture of Iran where there is a hot, arid and humid climate. Cities that have been designed for centuries according to climate conditions and weather conditions in hot-arid and hot-humid regions of Iran are taken as examples. Traditional Iranian architecture is directly affected from sun, wind, humidity, cold, hot air and all other weather conditions in various regions.

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