Uluslararası İlişkilerde “Küçük Devletler”: Gelişimi, Tanımı, Dış Politika ve İttifak Davranışları

Bu makalenin amacı, Uluslararası İlişkiler disiplini içinde ele alınan küçük devlet kavramını incelemek, tanımlamadaki çelişkileri ve farklılıkları ortaya koymak ve küçük devletlerin dış politika ve ittifak davranışları üzerine oluşan literatürü tartışmaktır. Makalede, küçük devletlerin tanımı hususunda üzerinde anlaşılan tek bir yaklaşımın olmadığı, bu devletlerin dış politika davranışları ve ittifak arayışlarını ele alan çalışmalarda da yaklaşım çeşitliliği olduğu vurgulanacaktır. Makale, bu çeşitliliğin küçük devletler kategorisinin ne derece anlamlı olduğunu sorgulamamıza neden olduğunu irdelerken, diğer taraftan bu durumun disiplindeki genel gelişmeleri ve kuramsal tartışmaları yansıttığını göstermeye çalışacaktır. Gerek tanımdaki farklılıkların gerekse dış politika ve ittifak davranışlarındaki çeşitliliğin, küçük devletler kategorisinin Uluslararası İlişkiler disiplininin çatışan kuramlarından yararlanan araştırmacılar tarafından farklı perspektiflerden ele alınmasına yol açtığının altı çizilecektir. 

“Small States” in International Relations: Development, Definition, Foreign Policy and Alliance Behavior

The aim of this article is to analyze the concept of small states in the discipline of International Relations to show differences and contradictions in the definition and to discuss the literature on foreign policy and alliance behavior of small states. The article emphasizes that there has not been a single approach to the definition of small states and there is diversity in the studies dealing with foreign policy and alliance behavior of these states. While the article enables us to question to what extent this diversity makes the category of small states meaningful, on the other hand, it tries to show that this situation reflects the developments and theoretical discussions in the discipline. Differences in defining small states and diversity of foreign policy and alliance behavior lead scholars, who benefit from contending theories of International Relations, to deal with the category of small states from different perspectives. 

Kaynakça

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