The Mediation Role of the Socialization in the Relationship between Family Functioning and Suicidal Tendency

Öz The aim of the current study is to examine the mediator role of socialization process including perceived social support and antisocial behaviors in the relationship between family functioning and suicidal tendency in a nonclinical sample of college students. A total of 594 (60.4% female, 39.6% male) participants completed the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale IV, the Risk Behaviors Scale, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the mediator role of socialization process, which begins in family context and extends to interpersonal relations in life. The findings indicated that perceived social support and antisocial behaviors exhibited partial mediation in the relationship between family functioning and suicidal tendency. Consequently, both direct and indirect effects of family functioning significantly predicted suicidal tendency, and the mediation model significantly predicted suicidal tendency with a large effect.

Kaynakça

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).Arlington, VA, US: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.

Arbuckle, J. L. (2007). Amos 16.0 User's Guide. PA: Amos Development Corporation.

Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., Kovacs, M., & Garrison, B. (1985). Hopelessness and eventual suicide:A 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation. AmericanJournal of Psychiatry, 142, 559–563. doi: 10.1176/ajp.142.5.559

Bender, D., & Lösel, F. (1997). Protective and risk effects of peer relations and social supporton antisocial behaviour in adolescents from multi-problem milieus. Journal of Adolescence,20(6), 661–678. doi: 10.1006/jado.1997.0118

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York, NY:Basic Books.

Brewin, C. R. (1995). Cognitive aspects of social support processes. In: T. S. Brugha (Ed.), Socialsupport and psychiatric disorder: Research findings and guidelines for clinical practice (pp. 96-116).New York: Cambridge University Press.

Brown, G. K., Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Grisham, J. R. (2000). Risk factors for suicide inpsychiatric outpatients: A 20-year prospective study. Journal of Consulting and ClinicalPsychology, 68, 371–377. doi: 10.1037//0022-006X.68.3.371

Bugental, D. B. (2000). Acquisition of the algorithms of social life: A domain-based approach.Psychological Bulletin, 126(2), 187-209. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.126.2.187

Cohen, S. (2004). Social relationships and health. American Psychologist, 59(8), 676-684. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.676

Compton, M.T., Thompson, N.J., & Kaslow, N.J. (2005). Social environment factors associatedwith suicide attempt among low-income African Americans: The protective role of familyrelationships and social support. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 40(3), 175-185.doi: 10.1007/s00127-005-0865-6

Cull, J. G., & Gill, W. S. (1988). Suicide Probability Scale Manual. Los Angeles: WesternPsychological Services.

Cutrona, C. E., & Russell, D. W. (1987). The provisions of social relationships and adaptationto stress. In W. H. Jones, & D. Perlman (Eds.), Advances in personal relationships (Vol. 1, pp.37-67). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Eker, D., Arkar, H., & Yaldiz, H. (2001). Factorial structure, validity, and reliability of revisedform of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry,12(1), 17-25.

Eshun, S. (2003). Sociocultural determinants of suicide ideation: A comparison betweenAmerican and Ghanaian college samples. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 33(2), 165-171. doi: 10.1521/suli.33.2.165.22779

Evans, E., Hawton, K., & Rodham, K. (2004). Factors associated with suicidal phenomena inadolescents: A systematic review of population based studies. Clinical Psychology Review,24(8), 957-979. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2004.04.005

Frey, L. M., Hans, J. D., & Sanford, R. L. (2016). Where is family science in suicide preventionand intervention? Theoretical applications for a systemic perspective. Journal of FamilyTheory & Review, 8(4), 446-462. doi: 10.1111/jftr.12168

Gau, S. S., Chen, Y. Y., Tsai, F. J., Lee, M. B., Chiu, Y. N., Soong, W. T., & Hwu, H. G. (2008).Risk factors for suicide in Taiwanese college students. Journal of American College Health,57(2), 135-142. doi: 10.3200/JACH.57.2.135-142.

Gencoz, T., & Or, P. (2006). Associated factors of suicide among university students:Importance of family environment. Contemporary Family Therapy, 28(2), 261-268.10.1007/s10591-006-9003-1

Genctanirim, D. (2014). University form of risk behaviors scale: Validity and reliability studies.Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology, 5(1), 24-34. doi:10.21031/epod.67191

Goodwin, R. D., & Hamilton, S. P. (2003). Lifetime comorbidity of antisocial personalitydisorder and anxiety disorders among adults in the community. Psychiatry Research 117(2),159-166. doi: 10.1016/S0165-1781(02)00320-7

Grusec, J. E., & Davidov, M. (2010). Integrating different perspectives on socialization theoryand research: A domain-specific approach. Child Development, 81(3), 687-709. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01426.x

Haber, M. G., Cohen, J. L., Lucas, T., & Baltes, B. B. (2007). The relationship between selfreported received and perceived social support: A meta-analytic review. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39(1-2), 133-144. doi: 10.1007/s10464-007-9100-9

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2014). Multivariate data analysis. NewJersey, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hamilton, E., & Carr, A. (2016). Systematic review of self-report family assessment measures.Family Process, 55(1), 16-30. doi: 10.1111/famp.12200

Harris, T. L., & Molock, S. D. (2000). Cultural orientation, family cohesion, and family supportin suicide ideation and depression among African American college students. Suicide andLife-Threatening Behavior, 30(4), 341-353. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2000.tb01100.x

Hawton, K., & van Heeringen, K., 2009. Suicide. Lancet, 373(9672), 1372-1381. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60372-X.

Hopwood, C. J., Burt, S. A., Markowitz, J.C., Yen, S., Shea, M.T., Sanislow, C. A., …Morey, L.C. (2009). The construct validity of rule-breaking and aggression in an adult clinicalsample. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 43(8), 803-808. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2008.07.008

Jessor, R., & Jessor, S. L. (1977). Problem behavior and psycho-social development: A longitudinal study ofyouth. New York, NY: Academy Press.

Joiner, T. E. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (1993), LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIScommand language. Chicago, IL: Scientific Software International Inc.

Kouneski, E. (2002). Circumplex model and FACES: Review of literature. Twin Cities, MN: Universityof Minnesota.

Krejcie, R.V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities.Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610. doi: 10.1177/001316447003000308

Lecomte, D., & Fornes, P. (1998). Suicide among youth and young adults, 15 through 24 yearsof age. A report of 392 cases from Paris, 1989–1996. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 43(5), 964-968. doi: 10.1520/JFS14342J

Lucey, C. F., & Lam, S. K. Y. (2012). Predicting suicide risks among outpatient adolescents usingthe family environment scale: Implications for practice and research. International Journalfor the Advancement of Counselling, 34(2), 107-117. doi: 10.1007/s10447-011-9140-6

Maccoby, E. E. (1992). The role of parents in the socialization of children: An historical overview.Developmental Psychology, 28(6), 1006-1017. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.28.6.1006

Martens, W. H. J. (2001). Suicidal behavior as essential diagnostic feature of antisocial personalitydisorder. Psychopathology, 34(5), 274-275. doi: 10.1159/000049323

Marttunen, M. J., Aro, H. M., Henriksson, M. M., & Lönnqvist, J. K. (1994). Antisocial behaviourin adolescent suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 89(3), 167-173. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1994.tb08087.x

Matsunaga, M. (2008). Item parceling in structural equation modeling: A primer. CommunicationMethods and Measures, 2(4), 260-293. doi: 10.1080/19312450802458935

Olson, D. H. (2011). FACES IV and the circumplex model: Validation study. Journal of Maritaland Family Therapy, 7(1), 64-80. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2009.00175.x.

Olson, D. H., & Gorall, D. M. (2006). FACES IV and the circumplex model. Retrieved fromhttps://www.societyofpediatricpsychology.org/sites/default/files/files/3_innovations.pdf

Olson, D. H., Gorall, D. M., & Tiesel, J. W. (2007). FACES IV Manual. Minneapolis, MN: LifeInnovations.

Olson, D.H., Sprenkle, D.H., & Russell, C. S. (1979). Circumplex model of marital and familysystem: I. Cohesion and adaptability dimensions, family types, and clinical applications.Family Process, 18(1), 3-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.1979.00003.x

Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Malden, MA: BlackwellPublishing.

Orbach, I., Milstein, I., Har-Even, D., Apter, A., Tiano, S., & Elizur, A. (1991). A multi-attitudesuicide tendency scale for adolescents. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting andClinical Psychology, 3(3), 398-404. doi: 10.1037/1040-3590.3.3.398

Patterson, C. J., Kupersmidt, J. B., & Griesler, P. C. (1990). Children’s perception of self andrelationships with others as a function of sociometric status. Child Development, 61(5),1335–1349. doi: 10.2307/1130746

Patterson, G. R., Reid, J. B., & Dishion, T. J. (1992). Antisocial Boys. Eugene, OR: Castalia.

Pena, J. B., Kuhlberg, L. A., Zayas, L. H., Baumann, A. A., Gulbas, L., Hausmann-Stabile, C., &Nolle, A. P. (2011). Familism, family environment, and suicide attempts among Latinayouth. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 41(3), 330-341. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00032.x

Rajalin, M., Hirvikoski, T., Renberg, E. S., Asberg, M., & Jokinen, J. (2017). Family history ofsuicide and interpersonal functioning in suicide attempters. Psychiatry Research, 247, 310-314. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.029

Rapp, A. M., Lau, A. L., & Chavira, D. E. (2017). Differential associations between social anxietydisorder, family cohesion, and suicidality across racial/ethnic groups: Findings from theNational Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent (NCS-A). Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 48, 3-21.doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.09.009

Rohner, R. P, Khaleque, A., & Cournoyer, D. E. (2005). Parental acceptance-rejection: Theory,methods, cross-cultural evidence, and implications. Ethos, 33(3), 299-334. doi:10.1525/eth.2005.33.3.299

Rohner, R. P., Melendez, T., & Kraimer-Rickaby, L. (2008). Intimate partner acceptance,parental acceptance in childhood, and psychological adjustment among American adultsin ongoing attachment relationships. Cross-Cultural Research, 42(1), 13-22. doi:10.1177/1069397107309750

Sarason, B. R., Pierce, G. R., Shearin, E. N., Sarason, I. G., Waltz, J. A., & Poppe L. (1991).Perceived social support and working models of self and actual others. Journal of Personalityand Social Psychology, 60(2), 273-287. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.60.2.273

Sheftall, A. H., Mathias, C. W., Furr, R. M., & Dougherty, D. M. (2013). Adolescent attachmentsecurity, family functioning, and suicide attempts. Attachment & Human Development, 15(4),368-383. doi: 10.1080/14616734.2013.782649

Summerville, M. B., Kaslow, N. J., Abbate, M. F., & Cronan, S. (1994). Psychopathology, familyfunctioning, and cognitive style in urban adolescents with suicide attempts. Journal ofAbnormal Child Psychology, 22(2), 221-235. doi: 10.1007/BF02167901

Turkdogan, T., Duru, E., & Balkis, M. (2018). Turkish adaptation of the family adaptability andcohesion scale IV. International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 5(4), 631-644. doi:10.21449/ijate.409110

Van Orden, K. A., Witte, T. K., Cukrowicz, K. C., Braithwaite, S. R., Selby, E. A., & Joiner, T.E. (2010). The interpersonal theory of suicide. Psychological Review, 117(2), 575-600. doi:10.1037/a0018697

Wang, H. H., Wu, S. Z., & Liu, Y. Y. (2003). Association between social support and healthoutcomes: A meta-analysis. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 19(7), 345-350.

Weissman, M. M., Markowitz, J. C., & Klerman, G. L. (2000). Comprehensive guide to interpersonalpsychotherapy. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Werner, K. B., Few, L. R., & Bucholz, K. K. (2015). Epidemiology, comorbidity, and behavioralgenetics of antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy. Psychiatric Annals, 45(4):195-199. doi: 10.3928/00485713-20150401-08

World Health Organization. (2014). Preventing suicide: A global imperative. Retrieved fromhttp://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/131056

You, S., Van Orden, K. A., & Conner, K. R. (2011). Social connections and suicidal thoughtsand behavior. Psychology of Addictive Behavior, 25(1), 180-184. doi: 10.1037/a0020936

Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. M., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scaleof perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30-41. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa5201_2

6322 3619

Arşiv
Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Ortaokul Öğretmen Adaylarının Matematik Öğretime Yönelik Öz-Yeterlik, Kaygı ve İnançları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

Zeki AKSU

Belirti Tarama Listesi’nin (SCL-90) Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması: Mokken Ölçekleme Analizleri

Hakan KOĞAR

Bazı Pozitif Psikoloji Kavramları Açısından Helikopter Ebeveyn Tutumlarının Sonuçları

Hasan YILMAZ, Ayşe BÜYÜKCEBECİ

A Hypothetical Model Proposal for Social Connectedness in Adolescents

Mustafa SAVCI, Ferda AYSAN

Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Karanlık Üçlü Kişilik Özellikleri ile Dürtüsellik ve Heyecan Arama Davranışları Arasındaki İlişkilerin İncelenmesi

Seydi Ahmet SATICI, Ahmet Rıfat KAYİŞ, Muhammet Fatih YILMAZ, Bahtiyar ERASLAN-ÇAPAN

The Mediation Role of the Socialization in the Relationship between Family Functioning and Suicidal Tendency

Turgut TÜRKDOĞAN

Bilişsel Davranışcı Terapi Kullanılarak Yapılan Araştırma Makalelerinin İçerik Analizi 1997-2018

Ayşe BENGİSOY, Melih Burak ÖZDEMİR, Fatma ERKIVANÇ, Sacide ŞAHİN, Tubanur ÇELİK İSKİFOĞLU

Meme Kanseri Tanısı Almış Kadınların Hastalık Temsilleri ve Başa Çıkma Tarzları ile Kaygı ve Depresyon Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkilerin İncelenmesi

Aygül TUNÇ AKSAN, Cem Ali GİZİR

Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Algılanan Sosyal Destek, Benlik Saygısı ve Sabır Arasındaki İlişkiler

Hayri KOÇ, Coşkun ARSLAN

Bir Duygusal Zeka Programının İlkokul Öğrencilerinin Duygusal Zeka, Atılgan, Saldırgan ve Çekingen Davranışlarına Etkisinin İncelenmesi

Tuğçe ALTUNBAŞ, Nilüfer ÖZABACI