Çevre kirliliğinin küresel
çapta hissedilen ekonomik maliyetleri yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarının
önemini her geçen gün arttırmaktadır. Artan bu önem kendisini çevre ekonomisi
literatüründe de göstermektedir. Özellikle son 10 yıllık dönemde alana ilişkin
araştırmalar, yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarının uzun dönem belirleyicilerinin
neler olduğunu belirlemeye yöneliktir. Çevre ekonomisi literatüründeki bu
eğilime uygun olacak şekilde bu çalışmanın amacı, finansal gelişmişlik ile
yenilenebilir enerji tüketimi arasındaki uzun dönemli ilişkiyi G-7 ülkeleri
için 1991-2011 yıllarını kapsayacak şekilde incelemektir. Araştırmanın analiz
bulgularına göre, yenilenebilir enerji tüketimi ile reel GYSİH, toplam enerji
tüketimi, petrol fiyatları ve finansal gelişmişlik arasında uzun dönemli bir ilişki
vardır. Yenilenebilir enerji tüketimine ilişkin uzun dönem esneklik katsayı
sonuçları çerçevesinde ise toplam enerji tüketimi, petrol fiyatları ve finansal
gelişmişlik, yenilenebilir enerji tüketimini arttırmaktadır. Ekonomik büyümenin
ise yenilenebilir enerji kaynakları tüketimi üzerinde uzun dönemde
istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir etkisi yoktur. PMG tahminci sonuçlarına göre, finansal
gelişmişlik düzeyi arttıkça, yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarına olan talepte
artmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın ampirik bulguları, finansal gelişmişlik düzeyindeki
artışların uzun dönemde çevre dostu enerji kaynaklarına olan talebi arttıran
önemli tetikleyicilerden biri olduğunu ortaya çıkarmaktadır. Bu sonuçtan hareketle, politika yapıcılari sürdürülebilir
kalkınma hedeflerine ulaşmak için finansal sistem içerisinde yer alan
şirketlerin yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarına olan taleplerini arttıracak
teşvik ve vergi politikalarını uygulamaya koymalı ve finansal düzenlemeler
yoluyla kamu-özel sektör işbirliğinde oluşacak yatırım imkanlarını
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