Öz Following the Eastern enlargement in 2004 and 2007, a great deal of debate has centered on whether the environment factors will create obstacles to labour mobility in the European Union (EU). In particular, the removal of restrictions with the end of transition periods in most of the old EU has led to a more informal manner of discussions of whether environmental movement will be increased in short or medium run. While the socio-economic benefits of labour migration from the East to the West will likely triumph, it is generally claimed that the population of the Central Eastern and European countries intend to go abroad, but often change their minds because of the environmental well-being, such as pollution or bad weather. This article explores the possibility of the impact of environmental factors on the labour migration from the Central Eastern and Western European countries to the EU.
Anahtar Kelimeler:


Bates, D. C. (2002) Environmental refugees? Classifying Human Migrations Caused by Environmental Change, Population & Environment, 23(5), pp. 465–477.

Chambers, R. and Conway, G.R. (1992) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century, Discussion Paper 296. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies.

Flintan, F. (2005) Environmental Refugees—A Misnomer or A Reality? A Contribution to the Wilton Park Conference Report on Environmental Security and Conflict Prevention, Engendering Eden, Cork. http://www.ucc.ie/famine/GCD/Paper

Heinonen, U. (2006) Environmental Impact on Migration in Cambodia: Water- related Migration from the Tonle Sap Lake Region, Water Resources Development, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 449–462, September.

IOM. (2008) Climate Change and Migration: Improving Methodologies to Estimate Flows, Migration Research Series, No 33, Sussex University, Brighton, UK.

Hunter, L. M. (2005) Migration and Environmental Hazards, Institute of Behavioral Science, Program on Environment and Behavior, Department of Sociology, University of Colorado at Boulder Losses, Population and Environment, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 273-302.

Hughes, G. (1991) Are the Costs of Cleaning up Eastern Europe Exaggerated Economic Reform and the Envıronment, Oxford Review Economic Policy (1991) 7(4): 106-136.

Houtum, H. V. and Velde, M. V. D. (2004) The Power of Cross-Border Labour Market Immobility, the Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, Vol. 95, No.1, pp. 100-107.

Jay, A. and Schraml, U. (2009) Understanding the Role of Urban Forests for Migrants Uses, Perception and Integrative Potential, Elsevire.

Meyerson, Frederick A. B., Merino, L. and Durand, J. (May 2007) Migration and Environment in the Context of Globalization, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 182-190.

Kundzewicz, Z.W. (2002) Water Problems of Central and Eastern Europe—a Region in Transition, Research Centre of Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznan, Poland