Çalışma Yaşamının Geleceği Kapsamında Yetenek Geliştirme: Turizm Endüstrisi

Çalışma yaşamının geleceği, Uluslararası Çalışma Örgütü’nün 100. kuruluş yılında öne çıkardığı bir girişimdir. İçeriğinde insan kapasitesine yönelik yatırımların arttırılması, işyerlerinde yatırımların arttırılması ve insan onuruna yakışır iş yatırımlarının arttırılması amaçlarını içermektedir. Çalışma yaşamının geleceği kavramı, özellikle otomasyon ve teknolojik gelişmelerin insanların istihdam edilebilirliklerini etkileyen yeteneklerinin çağa uygun geliştirilmesine yönelik tavsiyede bulunmaktadır. İnsan onuruna yakışır iş ise tüm kadın ve erkeklerin eşit şartlar altında istihdam edildikleri, çalışma koşullarının düzgün olduğu, sosyal koruma ve sosyal diyalog kavramlarının yer aldığı bir çalışma sürecidir. Dolayısıyla çalışma yaşamının geleceği, insan onuruna yakışır işi kapsamakla beraber insanların yeteneklerinin değiştirilmesi ve geliştirilmesi vurgusunu da yapmaktadır. Çalışma, kavramsal bir çalışma olup, teknolojik yeniliklerin en çok etkilediği endüstrilerden biri olan turizm endüstrisindeki istihdama yönelik olası tehditlerini ve çözüm önerilerini yetenek geliştirme ve yetenek yönetimi açısından ele almaktadır. Çalışmada sırasıyla Uluslararası Çalışma Örgütü hakkında bilgi verilmiş, ardından insan onuruna yakışır iş ve modelleri aktarılmıştır. Çalışmanın geleceği başlığında ise yetenek geliştirme kavramı üzerinde durulmuş, yetenek geliştirme ise Endüstri 4.0 kapsamında detaylı incelenmiştir. Son olarak turizm endüstrisi çalışmanın geleceği açısından örnek endüstri olarak ele alınmış, olası tehditler ve yaratılabilecek fırsatlara sonuç ve öneriler kısmında değinilmiştir. 

Skill Development in Future of Work: The Case of Tourism Industry

The future of work is an initiative brought forward by the International Labor Organization on its 100th anniversary. It aims to increase investments in human capacity, increase investments in workplaces and increase business investments in terms of decent work. The future of work is particularly relevant with the development of the capabilities that affect the employability of all people under the threats of automation and technological developments. Decent work is a process in which all men and women are employed under equal and decent working conditions with social protection and social dialogue concepts. Therefore, the future of work includes decent work and emphasizes the need of change and development of people’s skills. The study is a conceptual study and examines the potential threats and solutions on employment in the tourism industry, which is one of the industries most affected by technological innovations, in terms of skills development and skill management. In this study, information was given about the International Labor Organization and then decent work and models were conveyed. In the title of the future of work, the concept of skills development was emphasized and skill development was examined in detail within the scope of Industry 4.0. Finally, the tourism industry is considered as a model industry for the future of work and possible threats and opportunities are discussed in the conclusions and recommendations section.

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