100.Yılında Uluslararası Çalışma Örgütü: Değişen Koşullarda Politika Tercihleri ve Yönelimler
Makalede Uluslararası Çalışma Örgütü’nün (UÇÖ), kuruluşundan bu yana dünyayı derinden etkileyen ekonomik, sosyal ve siyasal değişimlere, ortaya çıkan problemler ile çalışma hayatına yönelik beklentilere hangi politika ve faaliyetlerle karşılık verdiği incelenmiştir. Araştırmada literatür taraması ile elde edilen veriler kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada ilk olarak evrensel barış için sosyal adalet arayışına dayanan UÇÖ’nün kuruluş süreci dünya savaşları penceresinden ele alınmıştır. Ardından refah devleti dönemi ve sonrasında neoliberal politikaların önderliğinde şekillenen küreselleşme sürecinde UÇÖ’nün izlediği politikalar incelenmiştir. Son olarak, milenyum ile birlikte yeniden yapılanma sürecine giren UÇÖ’nün, dünya ölçeğinde çalışma ve yaşam koşullarının iyileştirilmesi misyonunu gerçekleştirmek için belirlediği yeni yol haritası üzerinde durulmuş ve yakın gelecekte izlenmesi gereken politikalar konusundaki önerilere yer verilmiştir. Çalışmada elde edilen sonuçlar UÇÖ’nün, bir asırdır toplumsal yapılar ve değişmeler ile uluslararası konjonktürleri dikkate alarak politikalar oluşturduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Bu tutumunu 21. yüzyılda da devam ettiren UÇÖ, küreselleşmenin yapılandırılması sürecinde çalışma hayatı ile ilgili standart oluşturma amacıyla proaktif politikalar takip etmektedir. Bu gelişmeler günümüzde olduğu gibi gelecekte de UÇÖ’nün çalışma hayatı ve uluslararası ekonomik ilişkilerdeki önem ve etkinliğinin artacağını göstermektedir.
The ILO at Centenary: Political Preferences and Tendencies in Changing Conditions
The paper presents the International Labour Organization (ILO), which has addressed economic, social, and political changes, through its policies and activities and has examined emerging problems and expectations for working life. The current research is based on a literature review. The establishment of the ILO is first discussed from the World War perspective, that is, based on seeking universal peace for social justice. Then, the ILO’s policies, which were adopted during the welfare state period and globalization age and shaped under the leadership of neoliberal policies, are examined. Lastly, the ILO’s new road map, which aims to accomplish its mission to improve global working and living conditions, is emphasized and policy suggestions are presented for future studies. Results show that the ILO established its policies by considering social structures and changes and international conjunctures for a century. Continuing this approach in the 21st century, the ILO pursues proactive policies with the aim of setting standards for working life in the structuring period of globalization. These developments demonstrate that the ILO’s current importance and effectiveness for working life and international economic relations will increase in the future.
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