Makale özeti ve diğer detaylar.
One of the controversial regions of the world, the Arctic Region is situated in the North Pole and it is not subject to an international regulation and none of the littoral states has established the sovereignty over it. The region, status of which has not been finalized through a special treaty, occasionally causes conflict among the parties. The significance of the Arctic Region originates from fact that a significant portion of the undiscovered yet estimated petrol and natural gas reserves lie beneath the North Pole Region and approximately a third of these reserves are located in the Arctic Region. Covered with wide ice plates, the region drew the attention of all countries, especially those having borderline with it since the beginning of the 20th Century, during which importance of energy resources started to increase. The marine transportation opportunities are the other significant feature of the Arctic Region. The fact that new energy resources will emerge and advantage in marine transportation it may pose as a consequence of the glacial melting stimulate countries’ appetite over the region. Russia, one of the five countries that have borderline with the Arctic Region, claimed the region and planted its flag in the Region in 2007 via the vessel they used to conduct research in the region and this brought the matter to international public opinion again. Purpose of the study is to conduct a comparative review of the political and legal status of the Arctic Region, over which there are intense conflict between the bordering nations, in the context of the respective nations, which have claims in the Region.