Yıl 2015, Cilt: 10 Sayı : 1 Sayfalar 26 - 36 2015-03-31
Evaluation of the Comparative Acute Toxic Effects of TiO2, Ag-TiO2 and ZnO-TiO2 Composite Nanoparticles on Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
Evaluation of the Comparative Acute Toxic Effects of TiO2, Ag-TiO2 and ZnO-TiO2 Composite Nanoparticles on Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
Y Özkan,I Irende,G Akdeniz,D Kabakçi,M Sökmen
15 261

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2) have been used in the production of a wide range of products. Therefore, in nature oscillation of nanoparticles TiO2 is greater. Honey bees (Apis mellifera), the breeding of which have been practised in many parts of the world. Humans that fed with these products, honey bee and bee products (such as pollen, propolis) is thought to be affected by nanoparticles in nature. We aimed to make the first toxicological evaluation of silver nanoparticles loaded into TiO2 (Ag-TiO2) and TiO2 and the zinc oxide (ZnO-TiO2) composite in a honey bee (Apis mellifera). Results showed that, no mortality occurred throughout the experiment, and no behavioral anomaly/abnormality was determined in control groups. The LC50 values assessed for 96 hours are 5.865 mg/l for TiO2, 6.315 mg/l for ZnO-TiO2, and 312.845 mg/l for Ag-TiO2. The toxic effect of the ZnO-TiO2composite is caused by the zinc oxide nanoparticle loaded into TiO2 nanoparticle. The concentration group which made the most difference in all the other concentration groups on the mortality rates in nanoparticles was 100 mg/l concentration for TiO2, 1mg/l for ZnO-TiO2, and 10 mg/l concentration for Ag-TiO2.In this study, the toxic effect of TiO2, ZnO-TiO2 and Ag-TiO2 nanoparticles increased along with the increase in the concentration and the exposure time

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Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Mart 2015
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Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Mart 2015


Makalenin Yazarları
Y Özkan
I Irende
G Akdeniz
D Kabakçi
M Sökmen