Çin Dış Politikasında İttifak Yapmama Prensibi: Akademik Tartışmalar

Öz Bu çalışmada Çin uluslararası ilişkiler akademisindeki ittifak yapmama prensibiyle ilgili tartışmalar ele alınmıştır. Çalışmanın temel iddiası, Çin akademisinde dış politika tartışmalarının hükümetin çizdiği çerçeveden daha dinamik ve karmaşık olduğudur. Uluslararası ilişkiler akademisyenlerinin dış politika yapımındaki önemi sadece hükümetin politikalarını desteklemelerinden değil aynı zamanda alternatif politika üretebilmelerinden kaynaklanmaktadır. Bu yüzden akademik tartışmalar ittifak yapmama politikasında bir değişikliğe gidilip gidilmeyeceğini analiz etmek için önemli bir fikri temel sağlamaktadır. Çinli akademisyenlerin ittifak yapmama prensibiyle ilgili görüşleri üç başlıkta ele alınmıştır. İlk grup, ittifak yapmamanın yararlarını savunan ortodoksidir. İkinci grup, ittifak yapmaya yönelik bir strateji değişikliğini savunan revizyonistlerdir. Üçüncü grup ise, prensibin tamamen terk edilmeyip yeni duruma uygun bir takım tamamlayıcı tedbirler alınması gerektiğini düşünen ılımlılardır. Bu gruplar içinde revizyonistlerinfikirleri Çin’in ittifak politikasındaki olası bir değişikliğin hangi yönde olacağı konusunda önemli ipuçları vermektedir. İttifak yanlılarına göre potansiyel müttefik Rusya’dır. Revizyonistlerin fikirleri aynı zamanda Çin’de yükselen popüler milliyetçiliğinde bir yansımadır. Bu yüzden Çin’in ülke içinde yükselen milliyetçilik karşısında ittifak arayışı içine girmesi kaçınılmaz görünmektedir.

Non-alliance Principle in Chinese Foreign Policy: Academic Debates

In this study, debates on the principle of non-alliance in Chinese international relations academy has been discussed. The main argument of the study is that foreign policy debates in the Chinese academy are more dynamic and complex than the framework drawn by government. The significance of international relations scholars in foreign policy making arise from not only because they support government policies, but also because they can produce alternative policies at the same time. Therefore, academic debates provide an important basis for analyzing whether a change in the policy of non-alliance will be pursued or not. Chinese scholars' views on the principle of non-alliance are addressed in three groups. The first group is orthodoxy who advocates the benefits of non-alliance. The second group is revisionists who advocate an alliance strategy. The third group is moderates who think that the non-alliance principle should not be abandoned completely. Within these groups, the ideas of the revisionists provide important clues about in which direction the possible changes in China’s alliance policy will be. According to the revisionists, the potential ally is primarily Russia. The ideas of the revisionists are also a reflection of rising popular nationalism in China. Therefore, in the long term, it seems inevitable that Chinese foreign policy decision-makers are seeking alliances against this pressure coming from national field.

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Kaynakça

Kitaplar

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Makaleler

Feng H. , He, K. (2016). Why Chinese IR scholars matter: understanding the rise of China through the eyes of Chinese IR Scholars. Griffith–Tsinghua Conference, 11–12 Aralık, Pekin.Zhongping, F. , Jing, H. (2014). China’s strategic partnership diplomacy: engaging with a changing world. ESPO Working Paper, No.8.

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