İSVİÇRE AİLE HUKUKUNDAKİ GÜNCEL GELİŞMELER

İsviçre’de aile hukuku, 1912 senesinde yürürlüğe giren İsviçre Medeni Kanunu’nda düzenlenmiştir. İsviçre Medeni Kanunu neredeyse altmış yıl boyunca hiçbir değişikliğe uğramamıştır. Ancak 1970’lerden itibaren pek çok farklı konuda adım adım değişiklikler ve reformlar yapılmıştır. Bu makalede, İsviçre aile hukuku hakkında güncel gelişmeler ve reformlara da işaret edilerek genel bilgi verilmiştir. Bunların yanı sıra, evlenme ve boşanmaya, evlilik dışı yaşam birlikteliğine ve eşcinsel birlikteliklere ilişkin İsviçre hukukunda yer alan kurallara ve çocukları ilgilendiren örneğin hısımlık, evlat edinme, velayet hakkı ve nafaka gibi konulara ilişkin hukuki düzenlemelere de değinilmiştir. Ayrıca bu makalede, kısaca isim ve cinsiyet değişikliği konularına ilişkin İsviçre hukuk kurallarına değinilmiş ve sonuç bölümünde İsviçre aile hukukunun geleceğine ilişkin görüşlerimize yer verilmiştir. 

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN SWISS FAMILY LAW

In Switzerland family law is regulated in the Swiss Civil Code that came into force in 1912.The Swiss Civil Code remained almost untouched for sixty years. Since the 1970s, however,it has been amended and reformed step by step in many different areas. This article gives anoverview on the current Swiss family law as well as the recent developments and reforms.Amongst others it addresses the Swiss legal rules on marriage and divorce, unmarriedcohabitation and same-sex relationships as well as the legal rules concerning children,such as parentage, adoption, parental responsibility and child support. It further brieflydescribes the Swiss rules on names as well as change of legal gender and concludes with some remarks about the future of Swiss family law.

Kaynakça

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