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Females commit markedly fewer crimes than males, of a generally less serious character, and are less likely to persist after a first conviction, has been acknowledged by criminologists. In this research a questionnaire including both close ended and open ended questions were applied to all the women criminals in 71 prisons in Turkey between May 1996 and June 1997. The main aim in preparing the questionnaire was to determine the social and cultural reasons in specifying the reasons of committing the crime on the part of women. The questions were prepared in order to obtain socio-demographic data as well as informative data on the family life, occupational status, various relationship with friends and acquintances and data on the criminal activity. According to the result, the incidence of violence is found to be 63.9% for the female offenders. This finding demonstrates that female offenders were why, the Nationality Code included the principle that a foreign woman who subject to violence and also the results indicate a definite link between being subject to violence and committing violent crimes. The socio-economic level of this group was low. Most of them had to face economical problems in their marriages. Most of them got married at early ages and their marriage partners were chosen by their families. The women did not choose to leave the abusing relationship and remained in it. According to the results, the main reasons for this included a mixture of the following components: a sense of commitment, financial hardship and affection for children. Also most of them blamed themselves for the abusive / aggressive behavior. In cases of murder, the victims are usually male, being mostly their husband or lovers. When the women commit murder in order to save their honour, it is found that the family and friends usually showed tolerance to the incidence.