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Sociocognitive conflict has been used as a teaching strategy which may contribute to change students' conceptions about science concepts. The present paper aims at investigating the structure of the dialogic argumentation developed by students, when they are involved in science teaching sequence that have been designed to change their conceptions through sociocognitive conflict strategy. For this purpose, teaching sequence targeted at the elaboration of students' conceptions about floating and sinking -based on sociocognitive conflict processes- were prepared and implemented among 14 years old students. Next, the dialogues which the students had during the teaching sequence were analysed with the help of the framework for assessing the structure of the dialogic argumentation of Clark and Sampson (2008). The results of data analysis demonstrate that the sociocognitive conflict strategy promotes the structure of students' dialogic argumentation about floating and sinking.