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International Journal of Economics and Finance Studies

Yıl 2011 , Cilt 3 , Sayı 2

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Makale özeti
Başlık :

Budgetary discipline of the turkish republic of northern cyprus (trnc) in the light of emu maastricht criteria

Yazar kurumları :
European University of Lefke1
Görüntülenme :
Özet Türkçe :

As it is widely known, economic measures mainly, aim to achieve sustainability requiring macro-economic stability. Moreover, budgetary discipline should exist to have macro-stability. Eventually, it is acknowledged that budgetary discipline is an indispensable element of sustainability. In this regard, European Union (EU) requires countries to budgetary discipline as a prerequisite of functioning within Eurozone. Maastricht Criteria must be fulfilled in order to qualify for Eurozone membership consists of elements of budgetary discipline. These are; Budget Deficit: Budget Deficit must not exceed 3% of GDP; and National Debt: Government Debt must not exceed 60% of GDP. Turkish Cypriot authorities are currently implementing "Program for the Future Adoption of the Acquis" (PFAA) in order to fulfill the relevant economic and political criteria as the preconditions for EU accession. Despite the implementation of this Program, the potential of TRNC to fulfill the convergence criteria in order to qualify for Eurozone membership is yet not satisfactory. When the convergence criteria of fiscal discipline is considered, it is clear that the position of TRNC is worst than Greece. The ratio of Budget Deficit of TRNC to GDP is 16 % in 2009 while this ratio of Greece is 12.7 % for the same year. Turkey's donors finance this deficit even though specified percentage is officially recorded as credit. Thus, there is no payment of debt stock declared by TC authorities and demanded by authorities of Turkey. This shows that TRNC has potential debt burden seriously jeopardizing budgetary discipline. In addition to absolute figures of TRNC budget, there are other crucial factors negatively influencing budgetary discipline. These are primarily tax, budget revenue and expenditures elasticities in addition to issues of public expenditure management system consisting of institutional framework, fiscal framework, budget preparation process, budget execution and monitoring, accounting and reporting, financial control, procurement systems, allocative efficiency, technical efficiency and transparency and accountability.

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