Economic growth constitutes the leading factor that indicates the economic success and power of the countries. It is expected to be an increase in the number of employed persons when country grows economically. But in recent years, it is observed that the economic growth doesn’t make an increase in employment. In the process which is called “jobless growth” unemployment rates also rise at the same time. These developments contrary to the expectations create an intense debate among economists. In this study, first the relationship between economic growth and employment is tackled and then the phenomenon of jobless growth is investigated in Turkey. In this regard, the validity of jobless growth is evaluated with the reasons for Turkey through calculated employment elasticities and thresholds. As a result, the years of 1993, 2000, 2002, 2003 and 2004 are identified as the years of the jobless growth in this study and the increase in labor productivity is put as the main reason of this issue.