Rabia Meryem Yılmaz, Yüksel GÖKTAŞ
Artırılmış Gerçeklik Teknolojisinin Eğitimde Kullanımı
Bu çalışmada AG teknolojisi ve eğitimde kullanımına yönelik alan yazın taraması yapılmıştır. Bu doğrultuda AG’nin nasıl bir teknoloji olduğu, tarihçesi, görüntüleme sistemleri, içerik geliştirmede kullanılan yazılımlar incelenmiştir. Ayrıca eğitimde hangi alanlarda kullanıldığı ve sağladığı kazanımlar ile eğitsel faydaları belirlenmiştir. AG teknolojisinin doğal bilimler, bilgisayar ve bilgi bilimleri, matematik, mühendislik ve insani bilimlerde uygulandığı görülmüştür. Özellikle tıp, biyoloji, fizik, kimya, geometri eğitiminde, astronomide ve müzelerde, hikâye oluşturma etkinliklerinde, kültürel bilgilerin öğretiminde, mühendislik ve engelli eğitiminde etkili bir şekilde kullanıldığı alan yazında ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Bu alanlarda özellikle gözle görülmesi mümkün olmayan nesne ve olayların öğretimi, tehlikeli durumların gösterilmesi, soyut kavramların somutlaştırılması, karmaşanın çok olduğu bilgi düzeylerinin sunulması gibi durumlarda kullanıldığı belirlenmiştir. AG’nin eğlenerek öğrenmeyi sağlama, gerçeklik hissi oluşturma, doğal deneyim sunma, dikkati ve motivasyonu artırma gibi faydalar sağladığı görülmüştür.
Artırılmış gerçeklik, Eğitsel faydalar, Teknik özellikler, derleme
Using Augmented Reality Technology in Education
In this study, the literature was reviewed on AR in education. In addition, how AR is a technology, its history, display systems and AR soft wares are examined. Also which AR used any field and its providing educational gains are determined. AR can be used in natural sciences, computer and information sciences, mathematics, engineering, humanities and education. AR has been also used in medical, physics, chemistry, biology, astrology and geometry education, museums, storytelling activities, teaching cultural knowledge, engineering and special education. Especially, AR has been used for phenomena impossible to see by naked eye, simulation of potentially dangerous situations, visualization of abstract concepts and complexity phenomena. AR provides edutainment, rich interaction, natural experience and improves attention and motivation.
Augmented reality, Educational potentials, Technical properties, Literature review
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