İkinci Kariyer Öğretmenleri: Kariyer Değiştirme Nedenleri ve Uyum Durumları
Bu araştırma, ilk kariyerlerine eğitim dışı sektörlerde başlayıp daha
sonra öğretmenlik kariyerine geçen kişiler hakkında derinlemesine inceleme
yapmayı amaçlamaktadır. Çalışmada
nitel araştırma desenlerinden fenomenoloji deseni kullanılmıştır. Örneklem türü olarak ölçüt örnekleme yöntemi seçilmiştir. Çalışma grubu
kamuda farklı branşlarda çalışan 16 öğretmenden oluşmaktadır. Veri toplama aracı olarak görüşme yönteminden
yararlanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde içerik analizi kullanılmıştır. Kişilerin
mevcut kariyerlerini değiştirmelerinde; çalışma şartlarının ağır olması, aile
olmanın gerektirdiği sorumlulukları yerine getirmekte zorlanma, işin stresini taşıyamama, kadın olmaktan
kaynaklı sorunlar yaşama ve manevi tatmin arayışının etkili olduğu tespit edilmiştir.
Her ne kadar iş tecrübeleri olsa da öğretmenlik kariyerinin farklı bir uzmanlık
gerektirmesi nedeniyle ikinci kariyer öğretmenleri, acemi öğretmenlerin
yaşadığı uyum sorunlarını yaşayabilmektedirler. İkinci kariyer öğretmenleri,
öğretmenlik kariyerine uyum sürecinde en çok, sınıf yönetimi, öğrencilerle
sağlıklı iletişim kurabilme, öğrenci seviyesine uygun ders işleyebilme,
velilerle sağlıklı iletişim kurabilme ve yöntem teknikler konusunda
Second Career Teachers: Reasons for Career Change and Adaptation
This study aims to conduct an in-depth study on the teachers who began
their first careers in jobs outside teaching and then started teaching as a
second career. In the
study, the phenomenological design, one of the qualitative research designs,
was used. Criteria sampling
method was chosen as the sampling type. The study group consists of 16
teachers with different majors working in public schools. The interview method was used as the data
collection tool. Content analysis was used for the analysis of the data. As a
result of the study, difficult working conditions, difficulties experienced by
individuals in fulfilling family responsibilities, failure to cope with the
stress of work, problems women face and seeking spiritual satisfaction have
been found to be effective in people's decisions to change their careers.
Although they have working experience, second career teachers may experience
adaptation problems experienced by beginner teachers since teaching career
requires a different specialty. The areas where second career teachers
experience the most difficulties in the course of adaptation to teaching career
are classroom management, healthy communication with students, teaching lessons
in a manner appropriate to students' levels, healthy communication with parents
and methods and techniques.
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