Cilt: 5 - Sayı : 2
İspanya'da Bölgesel Yönetimler ve AB Bölge Politikalarının İspanyol Bölgesel Yönetimlerinin Şekillenmesindeki Rolü
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Bölgesel yönetimlerin oldukça güçlü olduğu İspanya'ya bölgesel yönetimlerin söz konusu olduğu hemen her zeminde atıfta bulunulmaktadır. Fransız merkeziyetçi yönetim yapısından derinden etkilen İspanya da bu yapılar belli dönemlerde başarılı olarak uygulamaya geçirilmiş olmasına rağmen bölgesel yönetimler ile merkeziyetçi yönetim arasında sürekli gelgitler yaşanmaktadır. Ülkede sarkaç 1978 anayasasından sonra bölgesel yönetimlere dönmüş ve 1986'da İspanya'nın AB üyesi olması ile AB'deki temayüllerin de etkisiyle bölgesel yönetimler oldukça güç kazanmıştır. İspanyol bölgesel yönetimleri ile AB ilişkileri iki yönlü olmuştur. Bir yandan Yapısal fonlar, AB fonlarından faydalanmak için bölgesel yönetimlerin de sürece dahil olmasını gerektiren ortaklık ilkesi, ve bölgesel yönetimlere AB dahilinde resmi temsil imkanı sunan Bölgeler Komitesi İspanyol bölgesel yönetimlerinin merkezi yönetim karşısındaki konumunu güçlendirmektedir. Diğer yandan güçlü yönetim geleneği olan İspanyol bölgesel yönetimleri zayıf-idari bölgelere tecrübe aktarımında bulunarak AB dahilinde bölgesel yönetimlerin çalışmalarına yeni bir nefes katmıştır
Spanish regions are among the most powerful of EU regions; hence they are the source of reference in related subjects. In the late 19. century, Spanish administration was heavily influenced from French centralization and since then in some eras they successfully implemented centralist administrative structures. The dominance of the centralist policies has not been permanent; on the contrary, the essential relationship between Madrid and regions has been a a temporal priority of one or the other. In this pendulum like relationship, since the 1978 constitution regions have prominent value and EU membership has strengthened this position of regions as the regional values are at core of EU agenda. Spanish regions and EU have influenced each other positively. On the one hand, EU has positive effects on Spanish regions by means of the structural funds, the principle of partnership and the Committee of Regions by creating a platform for the formal participation of regions in EU activities. On the other hand, Spanish regions by sharing their invaluable experiences with weak regions, encouraged EU for further steps toward regional development.
Anahtar Kelimeler: İspanya, AB
Anahtar Kelimeler: EU, Spain

Kaynakça

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