Fahriye Begüm YILDIZELİ
AN ANALYSIS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND THE BLACK AWAKENING: AMERICAN SOUTH AND SOUTH AFRICA
Belief and religion are interconnectedterms for the purposes of defining discrimination and segregation insidesocieties. Particularly, during the white dominated regime years in theAmerican South and South Africa, two main religions; Christianity and Islam wereessence of key weapons in order to assemble and to collaborate for black peopleagainst black segregation. Moreover, religion played a vital role in the BlackPower movement which paved the way for researchers and historians to conclusivelyascertain answers to why religion should be considered as one of the vitaldynamics of political resistance. This research will attempt to investigatethe impact of the religions to the process of the black resistances as the massmovements both ‘the Black Consciousness Movement’ in South Africa and ‘CivilRights Movement’ in the American South basically between the years 1960 and1975. Besides, in order to achieve the arguments with comparisons and similarities,Islam in the American South and Christianity in South Africa will be examinedspecifically. Additionally,the image that specific religious leaders’ ideals and thoughts shaped on thefollowers will be annexed to the research. Steve Biko and Malcolm X’s analysiswill be the key terms in order to reflect the religion in the black awakeningas a mass movement. Basically, there will be an attempt to evaluatethe historical period of racism and its implication for the black segregation.After defining the black resistance movements linked by the religious thoughtsand also by the leaders, eventually, the similarities, compassions and the linksbetween them will be reached as a conclusion.
Black Power Movement, Steve Biko, religion, Malcolm X, civil rights
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