Ömer AVCI
İnsan Gelişiminde Kültürel Perspektifler
Bu çalışmada kültür kavramları literatürü incelenmiştir. Bu kavramlar bağlamında, kültür ve kişilik arasındaki ilişki, kültüre ve sosyalleşme, bunların kişiler üzerindeki etkileri irdelenmiştir. İki yaşam modeli olan tarım ve şehir-endüstri yaşama tarzları analiz edilip, karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu analiz çerçevesinde, tarım kültüründe çocuk işgücü, doğurganlık, fazilet kavramlarıyla, tarım toplumunun sağladığı faydalar tartışılmıştır. Bu tartışmalara ilaveten, kültürlerarası karşılaştırma yapılmış, çeşitli kültürlerde erken sosyalleşmenin ve okullaşmanın kişilerin gelişimi üzerindeki etkileriyle dil sosyalleşmesinin kültürleşme sürecindeki etkileri araştırılmıştır.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Kültür, Tarım Kültürü, Dil Sosyalleşmesi
Cultural Perspectives on Human Development
In this study, the literature on the concepts of culture is reviewed. The relationship between culture and personality, culture and socialization and their effects on individuals are also investigated. Two models of living (i.e. agrarian and urban-industrial models) are analyzed, compared, and contrasted. As part of the agrarian and urban-industrial model analysis, child labor, fertility, and concept of virtue in agrarian cultures, not to mention benefits provided by agrarian societies are discussed. A cross cultural comparison is also included in the study. The effects of early socialization and schooling on the developments of individuals in various cultures as well as language socialization as part of acculturation process are discussed.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Culture, Agrarian Culture, Language Socialization.

Kaynakça

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