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This study aims to investigate the relationship between the organizational safety climate and the safety behaviors of the employees. It is been accepted by many researchers that unsafe employee behavior at work place is one of the primary determinants of occupational accidents. More recently researchers suggest that safe/unsafe behaviors of the employees are affected by certain organizational factors. Recent studies accept organizational safety climate as one these factors that affects safe/unsafe behaviors of the employees. In this context, this study conducted in an active shipyard in Turkey, finds that there are significant relations between the four dimensions of the organizational safety climate and the safety behavior of the employees.