Yükseköğretim Düzeyindeki İnternet Kullanıcılarının Sanal Nefret Farkındalıkları: Kültürlerarası Bir Çalışma

Bu çalışma, bir grup yükseköğretim düzeyindeki internet kullanıcısının cinsiyet, ülke, sosyo-ekonomik durum, eğitim durumu ve sosyal medya kullanım sıklığı gibi belirli bağımsız değişkenlerle ilişkili olarak sanal nefrete nasıl tepki verdikleri konusundaki bilgilerini belirlemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Yükseköğretim düzeyindeki İnternet kullanıcılarının sanal nefrete gösterdikleri tepkilere ilişkin farkındalık düzeyini incelemek için ilişkisel tarama yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın katılımcıları amaçlı örnekleme yöntemleriyle belirlenmiş ve veriler Türkiye ve Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'ndeki iki üniversitede öğrenim gören 427 İnternet kullanıcısından toplanmıştır. Çalışmadan elde edilen en belirgin bulgu, katılımcıların büyük bir çoğunluğunun sanal nefretten haberdar olmadıkları ve çevrimiçi ortamda ırkçı, ayrımcı, istismar edici ya da taciz edici davranışlarla etkin bir şekilde mücadele etme ya da kendilerini bunlardan korumaya yönelik bilgi ve becerilere sahip olmadıkları yönündedir. Ayrıca bulgular, İnternet kullanıcılarının sanal nefret farkındalıklarının cinsiyet, sosyokültürel çevre ve eğitim durumuna göre farklılık gösterdiğini ortaya koymuştur.

Tertiary-Level Internet Users’ Awareness on Cyberhate: A Cross-Cultural Study

The present study aimed to determine a group of tertiary level Internet users’ knowledge of how to react to cyberhate in relation to certain independent variables such as gender, country, socio-economic status, educational background and frequency of social media use. A correlation survey method was adopted throughout the study to examine the awareness levels of Internet users regarding how to react to cyberhate. The participants of the study were determined by purposive sampling methods and the data were collected from 427 Internet users affiliated to two universities in Turkey and the United States. The most obvious finding emerged from the study was that a vast majority of the participants are not aware of cyberhate and are not equipped with the knowledge and skills to effectively fight against to racism or protect themselves from racist, discriminative, abusive, or harassing behavior online. The results also revealed that cyberhate awareness of Internet users varies according to the gender, socio-cultural environment and educational background.

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