Deprem Deneyimi Yaşamış Yetişkinlerde Bağlanma Modeline Göre Psikolojik Sağlamlığın Açıklanması

Bu çalışmanın amacı, deprem deneyimi yaşamış yetişkinlerde bağlanma stilleri ve psikolojik sağlamlık arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektedir. Araştırmaya, 17 Ağustos Marmara ya da 12 Kasım Düzce depremlerinden birini beş ilden (Kocaeli, Sakarya, Yalova, Bolu ve Düzce) herhangi birinde yaşamış 242 (150 kadın, 92 erkek) depremzede katılmıştır. Katılımcıların yaş aralığı 20-58 arasındadır ve yaş ortalaması 36.13 olarak bulunmuştur. Katılımcılara, Ego-Sağlamlığı Ölçeği, Connor-Davidson Psikolojik Sağlamlık Ölçeği, İlişki Ölçeği, Yaşam Yönelimi Testi ve Olumlu ve Olumsuz Duygu Ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada değişkenlerin bir biriyle olan ilişkisi Pearson çarpım momentler korelasyo nkatsayısı analizi ile test edilmiştir. Güvenli bağlanma, olumlu duygular ve iyimserliğin psikolojik sağlamlığı yordayan değişkenler olup olmadığı ise basit doğrusal regresyon modeli ile sınanmıştır. Güvenli bağlanma ile psikolojik sağlamlık arasında pozitif bir ilişki bulunmuştur. Ayrıca, regresyon modeli, olumlu duygular, güvenli bağlanma ve iyimserlik, psikolojik sağlamlığı yordayan önemli değişkenler olduğunu göstermektedir.

The Explanation of Resilience within Attachment Model Among Adults with Earthquake Experience

The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between attachment styles and resilience of earthquake survivors. Totally 242 survivors (150 females, 92 males) of August 17 Marmara or November 12 Duzce earthquakes were participated to the study. The participants had lived in one of the five cities (Kocaeli, Sakarya, Yalova, Bolu and Duzce) at the time of earthquake. The age range of participants was between 20 and 58, with the mean of 36.13 years. Ego-Resilience Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Relationship Questionnaire, Life Orientation Scale, and Positive Negative Affect Schedule were administered to the participants. Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were utilized in order to examine the relationships between all variables. Simple linear regression analyses were run to evaluate how well secure attachment, positive emotions, and optimism predicted resilience. Results revealed a positive relationship between secure attachment and resilience. Additionally, positive affect, secure attachment, and optimism were found as important predictors of resilience.

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