Cilt: 19 - Sayı : 1
Telafi Edici Çok Kriterli Karar Verme Yöntemleri ile Türkiye ve AB Ülkelerinin İnsani Gelişmişlik Düzeylerinin Belirlenmesi
Determination Human Development Levels of Turkey and EU Countries with Compensatory Multi Criteria Decision Making Methods
Erhan Orakçı,Ali Özdemir

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Ülkelerin insanigelişmişlik düzeylerinin sıklıkla üç temel gösterge üzerinden değerlendirildiğigörülür. Bunlar; eğitim, sağlık ve refah düzeyi göstergeleridir. Ülkelerininsani gelişmişlik düzeyleri ölçümünde bu üç göstergenin yeterli görülmediği vebaşka göstergelerin kullanıldığı birçok çalışma yapılmıştır. Bu tartışmalarışığında Türkiye ve Avrupa Birliği (AB) ülkelerinin insani gelişmişlikdüzeylerinin belirlenmesinde “İnsani Gelişmişlik Endeksi”(İGE) ile birlikteAvrupa Yaşam Kalitesi Anketi’nden seçilen göstergeler kullanılmıştır. Ülkelerininsani gelişmişlik düzeylerinin belirlenmesinde, Gri İlişkisel Analiz (GİA) veMOORA (Multi-Objective Optimization on the basis RatioAnalysis) yöntemlerinden yararlanılmış ve sonuçlarkarşılaştırılmıştır. Göstergelerin etki düzeyi Entropi ve CRITIC (CRiteriaImportance Through Intercriteria Correlation) ağırlıklandırma yöntemleri iledeğerlendirilmiştir. İnsani gelişmişlik düzeyi en yüksek ilk üç ülke; GIA veMOORA – Oran yöntemi’ ne (OY) göre; Lüksemburg, Finlandiya ve Avusturya iken MOORA – Referans nokta yaklaşımı yöntemine(RNYY) göre Birleşik Krallık, Hollanda ve Danimarka olarak bulunmuştur.  Türkiye ise GIA Yöntemine göre 26, MOORA - OYve RNYY’ ye göre 23. sırada bulunmuştur. 
Human development levels ofcountries are usually evaluated over three basic indicators which areeducation, health and welfare. In many studies three indicators are found to beinsufficient and, therefore, additional indicators are used. Considering thesediscussions, the Human Development Index and indicators derived from the EuropeQuality of Life Survey are used to determine the human development levels ofTurkey and EU countries in this study. Grey Relational Analysis (GRA) and MOORAmethods are used to determine the human development levels of countries andresults are compared. Effectiveness level of indicators is evaluated throughEntropy and CRITIC objective weighting methods. Using GRA and MOORA-RS Luxemburg, Finland and Austria are found to befirst three countries regarding human development and using MOORA-Referencepoint UK, Netherlands and Denmark are top three. Turkey is found to be the 26thwhen GRA is applied and 23rd when MOORA-RS and RPA is applied.    
Anahtar Kelimeler: İnsani Gelişmişlik, GİA, MOORA, ÇKKV
Anahtar Kelimeler: Human Development, GRA, MOORA, MCDM

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Erhan Orakçı,Ali Özdemir