Süt Sığırlarında Paratüberküloz
Paratuberculosis in Dairy Cattle
Paratuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. It observed mainly in domestic cattle, sheep and goats. Besides, the disease can lead to infection in the wild and exotic ruminant species. Paratuberculosis, especially in the dairy business, is one of the diseases which cause significant economic losses. Clinical form of the disease is characterized by chronic diarrhea and weight loss. However, paratuberculosis has a long subclinical phase prior to clinical disease. During this period, healthy individuals in the herd are contaminated by infected animals. Because of the possible role in the etiology of Crohn's disease in humans that the disease is reported to be potentially zoonotic character.
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