İran’ın Tebriz Kentinde Kadın ve Erkek Bireylerde Obezite ve Vücut Algısı

Bu araştırmanın amacı, İran’nın Tebriz kentinde kadın ve erkeklerde obezite oranlarını belirlemek ve obezite ile beden algısı arasındaki ilişkiyi ortaya koymaktır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda, İran-Tebriz’de yaşayan 562 kadın, 438 erkek olmak üzere toplam 1000 bireyden boy ve ağırlık antropometrik ölçüleri alınarak bireylerin Beden Kitle Endisi (BKİ) değerleri hesaplanmıştır. Bu araştırmanın bulgularına göre, BKİ ortalama değeri erkeklerde 26,27, kadınlarda 26,59 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Bu çalışmada, İran’daki Türk erkek ve kadınların, diğer çalışmalardaki kadın ve erkeklerle karşılaştırıldığında aşırı kilolu olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Genel olarak, guatr, tansiyon, şeker, beyin atardamarları ve kireçlenme gibi sağlık sorunlar, kadınlarda daha yaygın olduğu, erkeklerde ise sadece kalp-damar hastalıkların daha fazla görüldüğü tespit edilmiştir. Obez insanlar, normal kilolu olanlardan daha düşük özgüvene ve beden algısına sahip oldukları bulunmuştur. Bu çalışmada, vücut algısı ortalaması, erkeklerde 144,10, kadınlar için 136,86 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Araştırmamızda, beden algısı ölçeğine göre olumlu eğilimler belirlenmiştir. 12-29 ve 40-49 yaşları arasında, kadın ve erkek bireyler arasında vücut algısında önemli bir fark olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

Obesity and Body Image of Women and Men in Iran-Tabriz

The aim of this research is to determine the rates of obesity in men and women in Iran Tabriz and to reveal the relationship between obesity and body sensation. Within the scope of this aim, height, weight and Body Mass Index values were collected from individuals on a total of 1000 individuals, 562 women, 438 men, who live in Iran-Tabriz. In addition, a questionnaire was applied to reveal the body perception of these individuals. According to the findings of this research, the average value of BMI was 26,27 for men and 26,59 for women. In our study, Turkish men and women in Iran were found to be overweight compared to men and women in other studies. In general, it has been observed that goiter, blood pressure, sugar, brain-arteries and calcification are more common in women and only cardiovascular diseases are seen in men. Obese people have lower self-esteem and body sensation than those who have normal weight. In this study, the average value of body sensation is 144,10 for males and 136,86 for females. Positive trends were determined in our sample according to the scale. It was determined that between the ages of 12-29 and 40-49, there was a significant difference in body perception between male and female individuals.

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