OECD Ülkelerinde Gelir Dağılımının Gelir Eşitsizliği İndeksleri ile Değerlendirilmesi

Gelir eşitsizliği, kaynakların toplum içerisinde bireyler açısından ne şekilde dağılım gösterdiğini ölçen bir göstergedir. Bu nedenle yüksek gelir eşitsizliği toplumda bireyler tarafından arzu edilmemektedir. Bazı insanlar da, gelir eşitsizliğinin ülkenin ekonomik gelişimi açısından olumsuz olacağını düşünmektedir. OECD Raporu, 2015 . Şili, Meksika ve Türkiye en yüksek gelir eşitsizliğine sahip ülkelerdir. Dili İngilizce olan OECD ülkelerinde gelir eşitsizliği, ya OECD ortalama seyrindedir ya da üzerindedir. Bu noktadan hareketle, çalışmanın amacı, OECD ülkelerinde gelir eşitsizliğini analiz etmektir. Bu amaçla, çalışmada gelir eşitsizliğine dair indeksler kullanılmıştır. Bu indeksler; GINI katsayısı, GNI Toplam Milli Gelir , Atkinson İndeksi ve Desil Oranıdır. Çalışmada mekânsal ekonometrik teknikler kullanılmıştır. Çıktılar, GeoDa 1.8.8 paket programı ile elde edilmiştir. Analizden elde edilen sonuçlara göre, Türkiye, Şili ve Meksika’da indeksler en yüksek değerlere sahiptir. Yani OECD ülkeleri arasında en yüksek gelir eşitsizliğine sahip ülkeler bunlardır. Çalışmada, 2015 yılına ait veriler kullanılmış olup, bulgular GeoDa 1.8.8 paket programı yardımıyla elde edilmiştir.

Evaluation of Income Distribution in OECD Countries with Income Inequality Indexes

Income inequality is an indicator of how material resources are distributed across society. Some people consider high levels of income inequality are morally undesirable. Others focus on income inequality as bad for economic progress of country OECD Report; 2015 . Chile, Mexcio and Turkey had the highest income inequality. OECD Anglophone countries had levels of inequality around or above the OECD average. From this point of view, this study aims to analyze the income inequality for OECD countries. For this aim, we use some indexes to analyze inequality. These indexes are GINI Index, GNI, Atkinson Index and Decile Ratio. We use spatial econometric techniques to evaluate the differences in terms of inequality for OECD countries. Results are obtained from GeoDA 1.8.8 Software

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