Otizm Spektrum Bozukluğu Olan Öğrencilere Temel Çıkarma İşlemi Öğretiminde Nokta Belirleme Tekniğinin Etkililiği

Öz Bu araştırmanın amacı otizm spektrum bozukluğu olan öğrencilere temel çıkarma işlemi öğretiminde doğrudan öğretim yöntemine göre sunulan nokta belirleme tekniğinin etkililiğini incelemektir. Bununla birlikte, nokta belirleme tekniği ile yapılan öğretimin, öğretim bittikten sonraki izleme etkisi; farklı ortam ve kişilere genelleme etkisi ve nokta belirleme tekniği hakkında öğretmenlerin görüşlerini belirlemeye yönelik sosyal geçerliliği araştırmak amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada tek denekli araştırma modellerinden yoklama evreli denekler arası çoklu yoklama modeli kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın katılımcılarını, Bolu merkez ilçede bulunan ilkokullara devam eden otizm spektrum bozukluğu tanısı almış, yaşları 10 ile 11 arasında değişen üç erkek öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmanın sonucunda; otizm spektrum bozukluğu olan öğrencilere temel çıkarma işleminin kazandırılmasında, doğrudan öğretim yöntemine göre sunulan nokta belirleme tekniğinin etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Bununla birlikte öğrencilerin kazandıkları çıkarma işleminin kalıcılığının öğretim bittikten 7, 14 ve 21 gün sonra da koruyabildikleri, öğrencilerin tamamının bu beceriyi farklı ortam ve kişilere genelleyebildikleri ve öğretmenlerin nokta belirleme tekniği hakkındaki görüşlerinin olumlu olduğu bulunmuştur.

Kaynakça

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